cupola

/kyooh"peuh leuh/, n.
1. Archit.
a. a light structure on a dome or roof, serving as a belfry, lantern, or belvedere.
b. a dome, esp. one covering a circular or polygonal area.
2. any of various domelike structures.
3. Metall. a vertical furnace for melting iron to be cast.
[1540-50; < It < L cupula, equiv. to cup(a) tub + -ula -ULE. Cf. CUP]

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 in architecture, small dome, often resembling an overturned cup, placed on a circular, polygonal, or square base or on small pillars or a glassed-in lantern. It is used to crown a turret, roof, or larger dome. The inner vault of a dome is also a cupola.

      Cupolas, usually bulbous or pointed, first saw widespread use in Islāmic (Islamic arts) architecture in about the 8th century. They often topped minarets but were also built over the central space or on the corners of mosques as well as on domestic buildings in the Middle East and India.

      From the Middle East the cupola design spread to Russia, where in the 17th and 18th centuries it gained great popularity in the form of the “onion dome,” which had the advantage of being decorative while not gathering snow during severe winters. The Moors brought the design to Spain, and Islāmic influence in the 17th century may be responsible for its introduction in Vienna, where it can be seen on many Baroque structures. Throughout Austria and Bavaria, onion domes top innumerable small churches.

      Cupolas of various styles were integrated into English domestic architecture during the late 17th century and became part of U.S (United States). architectural design during the post-Revolutionary Federalist era. Cupolas cap the small but elegant City Hall in New York City and the dome of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. Cupolas were popular in 19th-century U.S. domestic architecture, perhaps because they distinguish an otherwise undistinguished house. When placed atop posts or lanterns, they may also serve as lookouts or sources of light or air.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cupola — mit Astronaut Nicholas Patrick, STS 130 Navigation Internationale Raumstation Liste der ISS Module …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cupola — • A spherical ceiling, or a bowl shaped vault, rising like an inverted cup over a circular, square, or multangular building or any part of it Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cupola     Cupola …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • cupolă — CUPÓLĂ, cupole, s.f. Partea de formă semisferică, poligonală sau eliptică care alcătuieşte acoperământul unui dom, unei turle sau unui mare edificiu; boltă. – Din fr. coupole. Trimis de LauraGellner, 01.08.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  CUPÓLĂ s. boltă,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Cupola — Cu po*la (k? p? l?), n.; pl. {Cupolas} ( l?z). [It. cupola, LL. cupula, cuppula (cf. L. cupula little tub). fr. cupa, cuppa, cup; cf. L. cupa tub. So called on account of its resemblance to a cup turned over. See {Cup}, and cf. {Cupule}.] 1.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cupola — (n.) 1540s, from It. cupola, from L.L. cupula a little tub, dim. of L. cupa cask, barrel (see CUP (Cf. cup)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cupola — Cupola. См. Вагранка. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Cupola — Cupola, S. Kuppel …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • cupola — Véase cúpula. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • cupola — / kupola/ s.f. [dal lat. cupŭla, dim. di cupa botte ]. 1. (archit.) [copertura emisferica, a pianta circolare, ellittica o poligonale, di edifici monumentali] ▶◀ calotta, volta. 2. [copertura emisferica girevole e apribile, spec. di osservatori… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • cupola — meaning ‘a rounded dome on a roof’, is pronounced kyoo pǝ lǝ. The plural is cupolas …   Modern English usage

  • cupola — ► NOUN 1) a rounded dome forming or adorning a roof or ceiling. 2) a gun turret. 3) a cylindrical furnace for refining metals. ORIGIN Latin cupula small cask …   English terms dictionary

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