Cumberland Gap

a pass in the Cumberland Mountains at the junction of the Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee boundaries. 1315 ft. (401 m) high.

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▪ mountain pass, United States
 natural pass (elevation 1,640 feet [500 metres]) that was cut through the Cumberland Plateau in the eastern United States by former stream activity. It is located near the point where Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee meet between Middlesboro, Kentucky, and the town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. The pass was discovered in 1750 by Thomas Walker, and the Wilderness Road blazed by Daniel Boone (Boone, Daniel) runs through it. Named for the duke of Cumberland, son of George II, it became the main artery of trans-Allegheny migration that opened the Northwest Territory for settlement and permitted the extension of the western boundary of the 13 colonies to the Mississippi River. During the American Civil War the strategic gap was held alternately by Confederate and Union troops.

      In 1940, 32 square miles (83 square km) of the plateau, with the gap as the central feature, were authorized to be set aside as the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cumberland Gap — Brouillard matinal dans le Cumberland Gap National Historic Park. Altitude 488 m Massif Montagnes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cumberland Gap — Cumberland Gap, TN U.S. town in Tennessee Population (2000): 204 Housing Units (2000): 111 Land area (2000): 0.323842 sq. miles (0.838748 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.323842 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cumberland Gap, TN — U.S. town in Tennessee Population (2000): 204 Housing Units (2000): 111 Land area (2000): 0.323842 sq. miles (0.838748 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.323842 sq. miles (0.838748 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cumberland Gap — pass in the Cumberland Plateau, at the juncture of the Va., Ky., & Tenn. borders: c. 1,700 ft (518 m) high …   English World dictionary

  • Cumberland Gap — Cumberland Gap, Hauptpaßübergang über das Cumberlandgebirge (s.d.), 499 m ü. M., von über 400 m hohen Felswänden eingeschlossen, von der Eisenbahnlinie Knoxville Corbin überschritten. Er wurde 7. Sept. 1863 von den Unionisten genommen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cumberland Gap — This article is about a mountain pass in the southern Appalachian Mountains of the United States. For other uses, see Cumberland Gap (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Cumberland Narrows, a water gap in the Appalachian Mountains near… …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Gap — xx Cumberland Gap Ein nebliger Mor …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Gap — Cum′berland Gap′ n. geg a pass in the Cumberland Mountains at the junction of the Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee boundaries. 1315 ft. (401 m) high …   From formal English to slang

  • Cumberland Gap — noun a pass through the Cumberland Mountains between Virginia and Kentucky that early settlers used in order to move west • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pass, ↑mountain pass, ↑notch • Part Holonyms: ↑Cumberland Mountains, ↑Cumberland Plateau …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cumberland Gap — geographical name mountain pass 1640 feet (500 meters) NE Tennessee through a ridge of the Cumberland Plateau SE of Middlesboro, Kentucky …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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