/krip'toh ko koh"sis/, n. Pathol.
a disease caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, chiefly found in soil contaminated by pigeon droppings, and characterized by lesions, esp. of the nervous system and lungs. Also called European blastomycosis, torulosis.
[1935-40; < NL; see CRYPTOCOCCUS, -OSIS]

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also called  European blastomycosis , or  torulosis 

      a chronic fungal infection of humans caused by Cryptococcocus neoformans and C. bacillispora. The organism may be present in soil or dust and is often found in pigeon droppings, with resulting high concentrations on window ledges and around other nesting places. How humans become infected is not certain, but it is probably by inhalation of fungus-bearing dust. A large number of pulmonary infections due to cryptococcosis may go unreported; its symptoms include fever, malaise, and a dry cough. Nine-tenths of those cases of infection that are reported are of the more serious type known as disseminated cryptococcosis. In such cases, the fungus can spread from the respiratory system to the central nervous system, causing meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain). The principal symptoms of the meningitis are headache, blurred vision, and confusion, lethargy, or personality change. The Cryptococcus fungus can also spread to and cause lesions in the skin, bones, and visceral organs. Immunocompromised patients (e.g., those infected with HIV/AIDS or those receiving immunosuppressive drugs) are at particularly high risk of cryptococcosis.

      All forms of cryptococcosis respond to amphotericin B, the survival rate of patients treated being approximately 80–90 percent. Before this therapy was available, there were few reported survivors of cryptococcal meningitis.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cryptococcosis — vgl. Kryptokokkose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

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  • cryptococcosis — An acute, subacute, or chronic infection by Cryptococcus neoformans, causing a pulmonary, disseminated, or meningeal mycosis. The pulmonary form may resolve spontaneously in previously normal persons bu …   Medical dictionary

  • cryptococcosis — noun (plural cryptococcoses) Etymology: New Latin Date: 1938 an infectious disease that is caused by a fungus (Cryptococcus neoformans) and is characterized by the production of lesions in subcutaneous tissues, joints, and especially the lungs,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cryptococcosis — (krip to kok o sis) An infection caused by the basidiomycete, Cryptococcus neoformans, which may involve the skin, lungs, brain, or meninges …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • cryptococcosis — noun A serious and potentially fatal fungal disease caused by members of the Cryptococcus neoformans species complex, believed to be acquired by inhalation of the infectious propagule from the environment …   Wiktionary

  • cryptococcosis — [ˌkrɪptə(ʊ)kə kəʊsɪs] noun Medicine infestation with a yeast like fungus, resulting in tumours in the lungs. Derivatives cryptococcal adjective Origin 1930s: from mod. L. Cryptococcus (genus name of the fungus) + osis …   English new terms dictionary

  • cryptococcosis — cryp·to·coc·co·sis …   English syllables

  • cryptococcosis — torulosis; n. a disease of worldwide distribution, but recognized mainly in the USA, caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. The fungus attacks the lung, resulting in a tumour like solid mass (toruloma), but produces few or no symptoms… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • cryptococcosis — cryp•to•coc•co•sis [[t]ˌkrɪp toʊ kɒˈkoʊ sɪs[/t]] n. pat a disease caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, characterized by lesions, esp. of the nervous system and lungs • Etymology: 1935–40; < NL; see cryptococcus, osis …   From formal English to slang

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