Crimea

Crimean, adj.
/kruy mee"euh, kri-/, n. the
1. a peninsula in SE Ukraine, between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
2. a former autonomous republic of the Soviet Union, now a region of Ukraine. ab. 10,000 sq. mi. (25,900 sq. km).
Russian, Krim, Krym.

* * *

Autonomous republic (pop., 2001: 2,033,700), southern Ukraine.

It is coextensive with the Crimean Peninsula, which extends into the Black Sea. It covers 10,077 sq mi (26,100 sq km); its capital is Simferopol. Early inhabitants were Cimmerians, though the area later was settled by Greeks in the 6th century BC and was ruled by the kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus from the 5th century BC. It became subject to Rome, and part of it later belonged to the Byzantine Empire. Russia annexed Crimea in 1783. It was the scene of the Crimean War (1853–56). In 1921 it became an autonomous republic of the U.S.S.R. During World War II, Nazi armies overran it in 1941; it was retaken by the Soviets in 1944. The area became an oblast of the Ukrainian S.S.R. in 1954. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Crimea obtained partial autonomy from Ukraine.

* * *

Ukrainian  Krym,  also spelled  Krim 
 autonomous republic, southern Ukraine. The republic is coterminous with the Crimean Peninsula. In 1921 the Crimea was formed into the Crimean Autonomous S.S.R., which was populated primarily by Tatars (Tatar), until they were deported en masse at the end of World War II for alleged collaboration with the Germans. The area passed to the Russian S.F.S.R. and in 1954 was transferred to Ukraine. Formerly an oblast (province), it became a republic in the early 1990s. The northern part of the Crimea, a level steppe region, is under intensive agriculture. Winter wheat, corn (maize), and sunflowers are the main crops. The climate is dry, and additional water supplies are brought by canal from the Dnieper River at Kakhivka (Kakhovka). On the lower mountain slopes of the south are many vineyards; there tobacco is important, as are flowers for perfume. Most towns are engaged in processing farm produce, especially wine making. Heavier industry is concentrated in Kerch, a centre of large-scale iron-ore mining; the ore, which has a high phosphorus content, is sent by sea to Mariupol and the Donets Basin. Simferopol, the headquarters of the republic, has diversified industry and is a cultural centre. Brines from Syvash supply chemical plants at Krasnoperekopsk and Saky. There are a number of stone quarries, especially for limestone and diorite. Along the southern coast, the tourist industry is extremely important, with Yalta, Hurzuf (Gurzuf), Alushta, and Alupka the main centres. Area 10,400 square miles (27,000 square km). Pop. (2001) 2,033,736; (2007 est.) 2,005,127.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CRIMEA — (Rus. Krym or Krim) (Heb. קְרִים), peninsula of South European Russia, on the Black Sea; from 1954 until 1991 an oblast of Ukrainian S.S.R. and from 1992 a repub lic of Ukraine. Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages Jews first settled in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Crimea — (oficialmente República Autónoma de Crimea, transliteración del ruso: Avtonomnaya Respublika Krym, ruso: Автономная Республика Крым, ucraniano: Автономна Республіка Крим) es una península y una república autónoma de Ucrania, en la costa norte del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Crimea — bezeichnet die Halbinsel Krim einen Asteroiden, siehe (1140) Crimea das auf der Halbinsel Krim gelegenes Kernkraftwerk Krim Crimea (Louisiana), Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crimea — n. a Ukrainian peninsula between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crimea — [krī mē′ə, krəmē′ə] 1. peninsula in SW Ukraine, extending into the Black Sea: c. 10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km): Russ. name KRIM 2. autonomous republic of Ukraine, coextensive with this peninsula: cap. Simferopol Crimean adj …   English World dictionary

  • Crimea — Autonomous Republic of Crimea Автономна Республіка Крим Автономная Республика Крым Qırım Muhtar Cumhuriyeti …   Wikipedia

  • Crimea — Автономна Республіка Крим Автономная Республика Крым Qırım Muhtar Cumhuriyeti República autónoma de Crimea República autónoma de Ucrania …   Wikipedia Español

  • Crimea —    In geographic terms, Crimea is a peninsula located on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov; it has a population of nearly 2 million and covers 26,200 square kilometers. It is connected to the European mainland by the Isthmus of Perekop and is… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Crimea — Cri|me|a the Crimea a part of the Ukraine nearly surrounded by the Black Sea. The Crimean War was fought there …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Crimea —    The Crimean Peninsula, separating the Black Sea (q.v.) from the Sea of Azov, was the locale where Byzantium (q.v.) traded and conducted diplomacy with its northern neighbors at Cherson and Bosporos (qq.v.). Cherson, located on the Crimea s… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.