crescent

crescentic /kri sen"tik/, adj.
/kres"euhnt/, n.
1. a shape resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends.
2. something, as a roll or cookie, having this shape.
3. Astron.
a. the figure of the moon in its first or last quarter, resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends. See diag. under moon.
b. the similar figure of Mercury and Venus on either side of inferior conjunction, when seen through a telescope.
4. the emblem of Turkey or of Islam.
5. the power, religion, or civilization of Turkey or of Islam.
6. Also called Chinese crescent, Chinese pavilion, jingling Johnny, pavillon Chinois, Turkish crescent. a musical percussion instrument of Turkish origin, consisting of a pole bearing a crescent-shaped metal plate, topped with a pavillon, and hung with small bells.
7. Chiefly Brit.
a. a curved street, often having solid façades of unified architectural design.
b. the curve or curved portion of a street.
8. Heraldry. a representation of a crescent moon, horns upward unless otherwise specified, used as the cadency mark of a second son.
adj.
9. shaped like a crescent.
10. increasing; growing.
[1350-1400; < L crescent- (s. of crescens) prp. of crescere to grow (see CREATE, -ESCE); r. ME cressaunt < AF < L as above]

* * *

symbol
Arabic  Hilāl,  

      political, military, and religious emblem of the Byzantine and Turkish empires and, later and more generally, of all Islāmic countries.

      The Moon in its first quarter was a religious symbol from earliest times and figured, for example, in the worship of the Near Eastern goddess Astarte. Later it became the symbol of the Byzantine Empire, supposedly because the sudden appearance of the Moon saved the city of Byzantium (Constantinople) from a surprise attack. It once was thought that the Ottoman Turks adopted the crescent for their own flags after capturing Constantinople in 1453, but in fact they had been using the symbol for at least a century before that, for it appeared on the standards of their infantry under Sultan Orhan (c. 1324–c. 1360). In that case, however, the crescent may have been of different origin, formed by the base-to-base conjunction of two claws or horns. Whatever its origin, the crescent became closely associated with the Ottoman Empire (appearing on military and naval standards and on the tops of minarets), its successor states, and the world of Islām in general. It may be seen today on the national flags of many countries in which Islām is predominant, including Algeria, Azerbaijan, Comoros, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Pakistan, Tunisia, and Turkey; and it is also in the symbol of the Red Crescent, the Muslim equivalent of the Red Cross organization.

      In medieval European heraldry the crescent was originally a mark of great honour adopted by many returned crusaders, particularly in France.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crescent — Crescent, OK U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 1281 Housing Units (2000): 639 Land area (2000): 1.062028 sq. miles (2.750640 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.062028 sq. miles (2.750640 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • crescent — [kres′ənt] n. [altered (infl. by L) < ME cressaunt < OFr creissant, prp. of creistre, to increase < L crescere, to come forth, grow, inchoative of creare: see CREATE] 1. a phase of a planet or a moon, when it appears to have one concave… …   English World dictionary

  • Crescent — Cres cent (kr[e^]s sent), a. 1. Shaped like a crescent. [1913 Webster] Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent horns. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Increasing; growing. [1913 Webster] O, I see the crescent promise of my spirit hath not set. Tennyson …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crescent — Cres cent (kr[e^]s sent), n. [OE. cressent, cressaunt, crescent (in sense 1), OF. creissant increasing, F. croissant, p. pr. of cro[^i]tre, OF. creistre, fr. L. crescere to increase, v. incho.; akin to creare to create. See {Create}, and cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crescent — ist ein Begriff für eine halbmondförmige städtebauliche Anordnung. Überblick Royal Crescent in Bath Die Bezeichnung Crescent lässt sich aus dem Englischen ableiten und bedeutet Halbmond oder Mondsichel. Ein Crescent ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crescent — Cres cent, v. t. 1. To form into a crescent, or something resembling a crescent. [R.] Anna Seward. [1913 Webster] 2. To adorn with crescents. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crescent, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 537 Housing Units (2000): 195 Land area (2000): 1.257763 sq. miles (3.257592 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.257763 sq. miles (3.257592 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Crescent, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 1281 Housing Units (2000): 639 Land area (2000): 1.062028 sq. miles (2.750640 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.062028 sq. miles (2.750640 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • crescent — late 14c., crescent shaped ornament, from Anglo Fr. cressaunt, from O.Fr. creissant crescent of the moon (12c., Mod.Fr. croissant), from L. crescentum (nom. crescens), prp. of crescere come forth, spring up, grow, thrive, swell, increase in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • crescent — [adj] sickle shaped bowed, bowshaped, concave, convex, crescentic, crescentiform, curved, falcate, semicircular; concept 486 crescent [n] sickle shaped object bow, concave figure, convex figure, cresentoid, curve, demilune, half moon, horned moon …   New thesaurus

  • crescent — Crescent, Le Crescent, ou croissant de la Lune, Meniscus, Luna bicornis, vel crescens. voyez Croissant …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.