craps

/kraps/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.)
a game in which two dice are thrown and in which a first throw of 7 or 11 wins, a first throw of 2, 3, or 12 loses, and a first throw of 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 can be won only by throwing the same number again before throwing a 7.
[1835-45, Amer.; appar. < F craps, var. of crabs double-ace (lowest throw at hazard) < 18th-century E slang: pl. of CRAB1]

* * *

Gambling game in which each player in turn throws two dice, attempting to roll a winning combination.

The term derives from a Louisiana French word, crabs, which means "losing throw." The player with the dice (the shooter) must first put up a stake; the other players bet against the shooter up to the amount of the stake. In some games, bettors may also bet against each other or against the house. A shooter who wins may continue to roll. A 7 or 11 on the first roll wins; a 2, 3, or 12 (craps) loses. Any other number requires the shooter to continue rolling until he or she rolls the same number again for a win or rolls a 7 (craps) and loses.

* * *

game
      dice game, possibly the world's most common gambling game with dice. The version known as bank craps, casino craps, or Las Vegas–style craps is played in virtually all American casinos (casino) and also in some British, Australian, and Asian casinos and gambling houses. A special table and layout are used, and all bets are made against the house. A player signifies his bet by placing chips or cash on the appropriate part of the layout before any roll. It is invariably required that the dice be thrown so that they strike a wall of the table and bounce back.

      In Bank Craps the player throwing the dice (the shooter), or anyone wishing to bet that the shooter will win, places his bet “on the line” (in the area marked “Pass,” “Come,” or “Win” on various layouts). Anyone betting against the shooter places his bet in the area marked “Don't Pass” or “Don't Come.” The shooter is said to win if he throws 7 or 11 (a natural) on his first throw (the comeout roll) and lose if he instead throws 2, 3, or 12 (craps). Bets are then settled. If the shooter's first throw is 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10, that number is his point, and he continues to throw until he rolls the same number again (makes his point) and wins or throws 7 (misses out, or craps out) and loses both his bet and the dice. If the shooter loses (or if he wins but declines to shoot again), he must pass the dice to the next player on his left. If the shooter wins, he may keep the dice and must put up the next bet. Side bets may be laid with or against the shooter, either before he has a point or after. Anyone wishing to bet on a special outcome of any roll, such as which number will or will not be thrown, places his bet in the appropriate space on the layout; such bets are called proposition bets. The house has a mathematical advantage of between 1.4 and 11.1 percent, depending on the type of bet. A slightly different version of bank craps, called eastern or New York craps, and with another type of table layout (sometimes called a double-end dealer), can be found in casinos in the Caribbean and the eastern United States.

      The version of the game called money craps, or open craps, is found in simpler or illegal gaming houses and is mostly played for cash on a table without the elaborate layout found in bank craps. The players may gamble with each other on the shooter's point numbers, but all other wagers must be placed with the book (the organizers of the game), for which the players must pay a charge, usually 5 percent. In private crap games the rules are rather more informal, and the players bet against each other, proposing or accepting (fading) any bets they wish.

      Craps is derived from the English dice game hazard. The private form of craps played in the United States evolved in the mid-19th century among African Americans. The originator of bank craps and the forerunner of the present table layout in casinos is generally recognized to have been American bookmaker and dice manufacturer John H. Winn, who developed this form of the game about 1910.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Craps — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El juego llamado Craps se juega con dados en mesas específicas para este juego. Contenido 1 Contexto 2 Etapas 3 Reglas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Craps — jeu de société Ce jeu appartient au domaine public Format 2 dés Mécanismes hasard probabilités Joueur(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • craps — ● craps nom masculin Jeu se jouant avec deux dés entre deux ou plusieurs joueurs qui à tour de rôle sont pontes ou banquier. ● craps (synonymes) nom masculin Jeu se jouant avec deux dés entre deux ou plusieurs... Synonymes : passe anglaise crabs… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Craps — (kr[a^]ps), n. A gambling game with dice. It is one of the more popular games in casinos. [Local, U.S.] [1913 Webster +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • craps — (n.) 1843, Amer.Eng., unrelated to the term for excrement, instead it is from Louisiana Fr. craps the game of hazard, from an 18c. continental French corruption of English crabs, which was 18c. slang for a throw of two or three (the lowest throw) …   Etymology dictionary

  • craps — ☆ craps [kraps ] pl.n. [Fr crabs, craps < obs. E crabs, lowest throw at hazard, two aces] 1. a gambling game played with two dice: a first throw of seven or eleven wins, and a first throw of two, three, or twelve loses, while any other first… …   English World dictionary

  • craps — [ kræps ] noun uncount a game played especially in the U.S. in which the players throw two DICE and risk money on the numbers …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • craps — ► PLURAL NOUN (treated as sing. ) ▪ a North American gambling game played with two dice. ORIGIN perhaps from CRAB(Cf. ↑crablike) or crab s eyes, denoting a throw of two ones …   English terms dictionary

  • Craps — Example of playing dice used in craps Craps is a dice game in which players place wagers on the outcome of the roll, or a series of rolls, of a pair of dice. Players may wager money against each other (street craps, also known as shooting dice or …   Wikipedia

  • Craps — Bernard Xavier Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville (1785 1868) wird die Entwicklung des Craps zugeschrieben. Mandeville war in den Jahren 1822/23 Präsident des Senats von Louisiana Craps bzw. Craps shooting oder Seven Eleven ist ein Würfelspiel,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.