Craiova

/krddah yaw"vah/, n.
a city in SW Rumania. 220,893.

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City (pop., 2002: 302,622), southwestern Romania.

Situated near the Jiu River, the area has long been settled; the remains of a Roman fort built under Trajan have been excavated nearby. From the late 15th to the 18th century it was the residence of the region's military governors. It prospered as a regional trading centre despite an earthquake in 1790 and a Turkish assault in 1802 during which it was burned. It has a university (1966) and other cultural amenities.

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      city, capital of Dolj județ (county), southwestern Romania. It is situated near the Jiu River, 115 miles (185 km) west of Bucharest. Settlement there is of long standing. Close to the city archaeologists have discovered the remains of a Roman fortress built under Trajan. From the late 15th to the 18th century Craiova was the residence of the military governors of the region. The city prospered as a regional trading centre despite an earthquake in 1790, a plague in 1795, and a Turkish assault in 1802 during which it was burned. The oldest remaining architectural monument is the St. Dimitru church, rebuilt several times but still a likeness of the original erected in 1652.

      The city has a university (1966), a state philharmonic orchestra and theatre, and a regional museum. Manufactures include diesel locomotives, transformers, mining equipment, and machine tools, and there is some food processing. Pop. (2007 est.) 299,429.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Craiova — Craiova …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Craiova — Craiova …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CRAIOVA — CRAIOVA, city in S. Romania. Sephardi Jews were living there from the first half of the 17th century. In 1790 they founded a ḥevra kaddisha, a Romanian landowner having granted them land for a cemetery. Ashkenazi Jews settled in Craiova in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Craiova — v. du S. O. de la Roumanie, en Valachie; 302 500 hab.; ch. l. du distr. de Dolj. Centre universitaire et industr.: chimie, métallurgie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Craiova — [krä yō̂′və] city in SW Romania: pop. 304,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Craiova — Coordinates: 44°20′00″N 23°49′00″E / 44.333333°N 23.816667°E / 44.333333; 23.816667 …   Wikipedia

  • Craiova — Craiọva,   Hauptstadt des Kreises Dolj, Südrumänien, am Jiu, 314 900 Einwohner; wirtschaftlicher und kultureller Mittelpunkt der Kleinen Walachei (Oltenien); Universität (gegründet 1966), Museen, Nationaltheater; Maschinen und Fahrzeugbau,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Craiova — 1 Original name in latin Craiova Name in other language State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 46.58333 latitude 21.96667 altitude 138 Population 0 Date 2012 06 12 2 Original name in latin Craiova Name in other language CRA,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Craiova — Sp Krajovà Ap Craiova L Dolžo aps. c., P Rumunija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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