cowpea

/kow"pee'/, n.
1. a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc.
2. the seed of this plant, used for food. Also called black-eyed pea.
[1810-20, Amer.; COW1 + PEA]

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Any of the cultivated forms of the annual legume Vigna unguiculata.

The plants are believed to be native to India and the Middle East but in early times were cultivated in China. The compound leaves have three leaflets. The white, purple, or pale-yellow flowers usually grow in twos or threes at the ends of long stalks. The pods are long and cylindrical. In the southern U.S. the cowpea is grown extensively as a hay crop, as a cover or green-manure crop, or for the edible beans.

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plant
also called  black-eyed pea 

      cultivated forms of Vigna unguiculata, annual plants within the pea family (Fabaceae). In other countries they are commonly known as China bean, or black-eyed bean. The plants are believed to be native to India and the Middle East but in early times were cultivated in China. The compound leaves have three leaflets. The white, purple, or pale-yellow flowers usually grow in pairs or threes at the ends of long stalks. The pods are long and cylindrical. Those of V. unguiculata, variety catjang grow 7.5–12.5 centimetres (3–5 inches) long; those of V. unguiculata, variety sinensis grow 20–30 cm (7 2/3–11 2/3 inches) long. In the southern United States the cowpea is extensively grown as a hay crop, as a green-manure crop, or for the beans, which are used for human consumption.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cowpea — Black eyed peas Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unra …   Wikipedia

  • Cowpea — Cow pea (kou p[=e] ), n. 1. The seed of one or more leguminous plants of the genus {Dolichos}; also, the plant itself. Many varieties are cultivated in the southern part of the United States. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) A leguminous plant ({Vigna… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cowpea — ☆ cowpea [kou′pē΄ ] n. 1. a viny annual plant (Vigna unguiculata) of the pea family, bearing seeds in slender pods: grown in S U.S. for forage, green manure, etc. 2. the edible seed of this plant, cooked as a vegetable; black eyed pea …   English World dictionary

  • cowpea — noun 1. fruit or seed of the cowpea plant • Syn: ↑black eyed pea • Hypernyms: ↑legume • Part Holonyms: ↑cowpea plant, ↑black eyed pea, ↑Vigna unguiculata, ↑V …   Useful english dictionary

  • cowpea — n. annual legume grown in the southern USA for forage and soil improvement, black eyed pea; edible seed of the cowpea plant …   English contemporary dictionary

  • cowpea — noun 1》 a tropical leguminous plant cultivated for its edible pods and seeds. [Vigna unguiculata.] 2》 the seed of the cowpea as food …   English new terms dictionary

  • cowpea — kininė pupuolė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos daržovinis, maistinis, pašarinis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Vigna unguiculata), kilęs iš Afrikos. atitikmenys: lot. Vigna unguiculata angl. black eyed pea; clay pea; cowpea;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • cowpea — noun Date: 1776 a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata syn. V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern United States especially for forage and green manure; also its edible seed called also black eyed …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cowpea — noun the black eyed pea, Vigna unguiculata …   Wiktionary

  • Cowpea — Vigna (E) …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

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