counter

counter1
/kown"teuhr/, n.
1. a table or display case on which goods can be shown, business transacted, etc.
2. (in restaurants, luncheonettes, etc.) a long, narrow table with stools or chairs along one side for the patrons, behind which refreshments or meals are prepared and served.
3. a surface for the preparation of food in a kitchen, esp. on a low cabinet.
4. anything used in keeping account, as a disk of metal or wood, used in some games, as checkers, for marking a player's position or for keeping score.
5. an imitation coin or token.
6. a coin; money.
a. (of the sale of stock) through a broker's office rather than through the stock exchange.
b. (of the sale of merchandise) through a retail store rather than through a wholesaler.
8. under the counter, in a clandestine manner, esp. illegally: books sold under the counter.
[1300-50; ME countour < AF (OF comptoir) < ML computatorium place for computing, equiv. to L computa(re) to COMPUTE + -torium -TORY2; cf. COUNT1]
counter2
/kown"teuhr/, n.
1. a person who counts.
2. a device for counting revolutions of a wheel, items produced, etc.
3. Cards. See card counter.
4. Computers. a storage register or program variable used to tally how often something of interest occurs.
5. Electronics. scaler (def. 2).
6. Physics. any of various instruments for detecting ionizing radiation and for registering counts. Cf. Geiger counter.
[1325-75; ME countour < AF (OF conteor) L computator, equiv. to computa(re) to COMPUTE + -tor -TOR]
counter3
/kown"teuhr/, adv.
1. in the wrong way; contrary to the right course; in the reverse or opposite direction.
2. contrary; in opposition (usually prec. by run or go): to run counter to the rules.
adj.
3. opposite; opposed; contrary.
n.
4. something that is opposite or contrary to something else.
5. a blow delivered in receiving or parrying another blow, as in boxing.
6. a statement or action made to refute, oppose, or nullify another statement or action.
7. Fencing. a circular parry.
8. a piece of leather or other material inserted between the lining and outside leather of a shoe or boot quarter to keep it stiff.
9. Naut. the part of a stern that overhangs and projects aft of the sternpost of a vessel.
10. Also called void. Typesetting. any part of the face of a type that is less than type-high and is therefore not inked.
11. Engin., Building Trades. a truss member subject to stress only under certain partial loadings of the truss.
12. the part of a horse's breast that lies between the shoulders and under the neck.
v.t.
13. to go counter to; oppose; controvert.
14. to meet or answer (a move, blow, etc.) by another in return.
v.i.
15. to make a counter or opposing move.
16. to give a blow while receiving or parrying one, as in boxing.
[1400-50; late ME countre < AF co(u)ntre, cuntre, OF contre < L contra against. See COUNTER-]
counter4
/kown"teuhr/, v.t.
to encounter in opposition or combat.
[1250-1300; ME countren, aph. var. of acountren < MF acontrer. See A-5, ENCOUNTER]

* * *

(as used in expressions)
Geiger Müller counter
over the counter market

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

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  • Counter — Coun ter, a. Contrary; opposite; contrasted; opposed; adverse; antagonistic; as, a counter current; a counter revolution; a counter poison; a counter agent; counter fugue. Innumerable facts attesting the counter principle. I. Taylor. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • counter — coun‧ter [ˈkaʊntə ǁ ər] noun [countable] 1. COMMERCE the place where you are served in a shop, bank etc: • Please pay at the checkout counter. ˈtrade ˌcounter COMMERCE a part of a shop, factory, or website where a business can buy goods for less… …   Financial and business terms

  • counter — Ⅰ. counter [1] ► NOUN 1) a long flat topped fitment over which goods are sold or served or across which business is conducted with customers. 2) a small disc used in board games for keeping the score or as a place marker. 3) a token representing… …   English terms dictionary

  • counter — counter1 [kount′ər] n. [ME countour: in senses 1 & 2 < OFr conteor < L computator < computare; in senses 3, 4, 5 < OFr contouer, counting room, table of a bank < ML computatorium < L computare,COMPUTE] 1. a) a person or thing… …   English World dictionary

  • Counter — Coun ter, adv. [F. contre, fr. L. contra against. Cf. {Contra }.] 1. Contrary; in opposition; in an opposite direction; contrariwise; used chiefly with run or go. [1913 Webster] Running counter to all the rules of virtue. Locks. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • counter- — coun·ter / kau̇n tər/ prefix 1 a: contrary: opposite counter letter b: opposing: retaliatory counter action 2: complementary: corresponding …   Law dictionary

  • Counter- — Coun ter (koun t[ e]r ). Note: [See {Counter}, adv. ] A prefix meaning contrary, opposite, in opposition; as, counteract, counterbalance, countercheck. See {Counter}, adv. & a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Counter — Count er (koun t[ e]r), n. [OE. countere, countour, a counter (in sense 1), OF. contere, conteor, fr. conter to count. See {Count}, v. t. ] 1. One who counts, or reckons up; a calculator; a reckoner. [1913 Webster] 2. A piece of metal, ivory,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Counter — Coun ter, n. [See {Counter}, adv., {Contra}.] 1. (Naut.) The after part of a vessel s body, from the water line to the stern, below and somewhat forward of the stern proper. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mus.) Same as {Contra}. Formerly used to designate… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • counter — [adj] opposite, opposing adverse, against, antagonistic, anti, antipodal, antipodean, antithetical, conflicting, contradictory, contrary, contrasting, converse, diametric, hindering, impeding, obstructive, obverse, opposed, polar, reverse;… …   New thesaurus

  • Counter — Coun ter, n. [OE. countour, OF. contouer, comptouer, F. comptoir, LL. computatorium, prop., a computing place, place of accounts, fr. L. computare. See {Count}, v. t.] A table or board on which money is counted and over which business is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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