coriander

/kawr"ee an'deuhr, kohr"-/, n.
an herb, Coriandrum sativum, of the parsley family, native to Europe, having strong-scented leaves used in cooking and aromatic seeds used as a seasoning and in medicine.
[1350-1400; ME coriandre < L coriandrum < Gk koríandron, var. of KORÍANNON]

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Feathery annual herb (Coriandrum sativum) of the parsley family, and its dried fruit, native to the Mediterranean and Middle East.

The seeds go by the name coriander; they have a mild, fragrant aroma and aromatic taste and are used to flavour many foods. The delicate young leaves
known in the U.S. by their Spanish name, cilantro
are widely used in Latin American, Indian, and Chinese dishes.

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herb
 dried fruit, common name of the seed of Coriandrum sativum, a feathery annual herb of the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). Native to the Mediterranean and Middle East regions, the herb is cultivated in Europe, Morocco, and the United States for its seeds, which are used to flavour many foods, particularly sausages, curries, Scandinavian pastries, liqueurs, and confectionery, such as English comfits. Its delicate young leaves are widely used in Latin-American, Indian, and Chinese dishes. Records of the use of coriander date to 5000 BC. The Romans used it to flavour bread. It was once used as an aromatic and carminative, but its only modern use in medicine is to mask unpleasant tastes and odours of drugs.

      The plant produces a slender, hollow stem 30 to 60 mm (1 to 2.5 inches) high with bipinnate leaves and small flowers in pink or whitish umbels. The fruits, or seeds, are two semiglobular fruits joined on the commisural, or inner, sides (a schizocarp), giving the appearance of a single, smooth, nearly globular fruit about 5 mm (0.2 inch) in diameter. They are yellowish brown and have a mild, fragrant aroma and aromatic taste similar to a combination of lemon peel and sage. The seeds contain from 0.1 to 1 percent essential oil; (essential oil) its principal component is coriandrol.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CORIANDER — CORIANDER, plant called gad in the Bible and kusbar in the Mishnah and the Targum Pseudo Jonathan. The manna is described as being like coriander seed, white (Ex. 16:31), and like coriander seed, and in color it was like bdellium (Num. 11:7).… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Coriander — Co ri*an der (k? r? ?n d?r), n. [L. coriandrum, fr. Gr. ????, ????, perh. fr. ??? bug, on account of the buglike or fetid smell of its leaves: cf. F. coriandre.] (Bot.) An umbelliferous plant, the {Coriandrum sativum}, the fruit or seeds of which …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Coriander — Coriander, 1) s. u. Coriandrum; 2) Schwarzer C., so v. w. Schwarzkümmel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Coriander — Coriander, S. Koriander …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • coriander — late 14c., from O.Fr. coriandre (14c.), from L. coriandrum, from Gk. koriannon, apparently a non I.E. word …   Etymology dictionary

  • coriander — ► NOUN ▪ an aromatic Mediterranean plant of the parsley family, the leaves and seeds of which are used in cookery. ORIGIN Old French coriandre, from Greek koriannon …   English terms dictionary

  • coriander — [kôr′ē an΄dər, kôr΄ē an′dər] n. [ME & OFr coriandre < L coriandrum < Gr koriandron, koriannon] 1. a European annual herb (Coriandrum sativum) of the umbel family 2. its strong smelling, seedlike fruit, used in flavoring food and liqueurs,… …   English World dictionary

  • Coriander — For other uses, see Coriander (disambiguation). Chinese parsley redirects here. This can also refer to the unrelated Heliotropium curassavicum. Coriander Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • coriander — The dried ripe fruit of Coriandrum sativum (family Umbelliferae); a mild stimulant aromatic and a flavoring agent. * * * co·ri·an·der kōr ē .an dər, .kōr ē , kȯr , .kȯr n 1) an Old World herb (Coriandrum sativum) of the carrot family… …   Medical dictionary

  • coriander — noun Etymology: Middle English coriandre, from Anglo French, from Latin coriandrum, from Greek koriandron, koriannon Date: 14th century 1. an Old World annual herb (Coriandrum sativum) of the carrot family with aromatic fruits 2. the ripened… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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