- —confirmational, adj./kon'feuhr may"sheuhn/, n.1. the act of confirming.2. the state of being confirmed.3. something that confirms, as a corroborative statement or piece of evidence: His birth certificate served as confirmation of his citizenship.4. a rite administered to baptized persons, in some churches as a sacrament for confirming and strengthening the recipient in the Christian faith, in others as a rite without sacramental character by which the recipient is admitted to full communion with the church.5. a solemn ceremony among Reform and certain Conservative Jews that is held in the synagogue, usually on Shavuoth, to admit formally as adult members of the Jewish community Jewish boys and girls 14 to 16 years of age who have successfully completed a prescribed course of study in Judaism.[1275-1325; ME < L confirmation- s. of confirmatio. See CONFIRM, -ATION]
* * *Christian rite in which believers reaffirm the faith into which they were baptized as infants or young children.The rite admitting adults to full membership in the community of the faithful did not exist as a distinct ceremony in the early church but probably coincided with baptism, since those who joined did so as adults and were baptized after instruction. As baptism of infants became common, some means of ascertaining their knowledge and commitment as young adults became necessary. A period of instruction was introduced, after which the candidates were examined and confirmed. In Roman Catholicism confirmation became a sacrament, usually performed by a bishop. The rite is also used in the Anglican and Lutheran churches.
* * *Christian rite by which admission to the church, established previously in infant Baptism, is said to be confirmed (or strengthened and established in faith).During the first several centuries of Christian history (Christianity), when most of those who joined the church were adult converts from paganism, the baptism of these adults and the ceremony admitting them to the full rights of membership (equivalent to, but not yet called, confirmation) probably coincided. Early Christian theologians, therefore, closely connected the meaning and effects of confirmation with those of baptism. But as the baptism of infants rather than of adults became customary, a sharper distinction between baptism and confirmation became necessary. In those Christian churches where confirmation is still observed, its connection with and its distinction from baptism influence both the practice and the theological interpretation of the rite. (The Lutheran, Anglican, and Reformed churches acknowledge baptism as a sacrament.)The Roman Catholic church (Roman Catholicism) views confirmation as a sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ. It confers the gifts of the Holy Spirit (grace, strength, and courage) upon the recipient, who must be a baptized person at least seven years old. A bishop normally performs the rite, which includes the laying on of hands (hands, imposition of) and anointing the forehead with chrism.The Eastern Orthodox churches (Eastern Orthodoxy) and some Eastern churches in communion with Rome permit a priest to administer confirmation. In Eastern Orthodoxy, the child generally receives the sacraments of baptism, confirmation (see chrismation), and the first communion all in the same service.After the Protestant Reformation, Anglicanism and Lutheranism retained a form of confirmation. In the Anglican church a bishop must administer the rite. Lutheranism rejects the sacramental definition of confirmation and considers it a public profession of the faith into which the candidate was baptized as an infant. In both Anglicanism and Lutheranism, confirmation is preceded by instruction in the catechism.Other Protestant bodies also deny that confirmation is a sacrament and ascribe its origin at the earliest to the Apostles, but they sometimes use the term confirmation for acceptance of baptized members into full membership of the church, including the right to receive Holy Communion.
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Confirmation — • Describes its origin from Biblical texts and how it has been handed down through the ages. The rite is briefly described, and the minister, matter, form, recipient, effects, necessity and sponsors are detailed Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… … Catholic encyclopedia
confirmation — [ kɔ̃firmasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIIe; lat. confirmatio 1 ♦ Action de confirmer, de rendre plus certain. ⇒ affirmation, assurance, certitude, consécration. Confirmation d une nouvelle, d une promesse. Il m en a donné confirmation. Confirmation d un acte … Encyclopédie Universelle
confirmation — con·fir·ma·tion /ˌkän fər mā shən/ n 1: the act or process of confirming, assuring, or upholding seeking confirmation of the agreement; specif: the ratification of an executive act by a legislative body senate confirmation of the Supreme Court… … Law dictionary
confirmation — CONFIRMATION. sub. f. Ce qui rend une chose ferme et stable. La confirmation d une Sentence, d un Arrêt. Obtenir des Lettres de confirmation. Payer le droit de confirmation. Confirmation de priviléges, de droits, de prérogatives, d honoraires,… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798
confirmation — Confirmation. s. f. v. Ce qui rend une chose plus ferme, plus stable. La confirmation d une Sentence, d un Arrest. obtenir des Lettres de confirmation. Il se dit aussi, De la nouvelle & plus expresse assurance d une chose qui avoit desja esté… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie française
Confirmation — Con fir*ma tion, n. [F. confirmation, L. confirmatio.] 1. The act of confirming or strengthening; the act of establishing, ratifying, or sanctioning; as, the confirmation of an appointment. [1913 Webster] Their blood is shed In confirmation of… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Confirmation — (v. lat.), 1) Bestätigung; 2) Bestätigung eines Rechtsgeschäfts durch den Regenten, od. durch die Civilobrigkeit (C. judicialis); diese Bestätigung ist entweder zur Gültigkeit des Geschäfts wesentlich erforderlich (C. utilis, C. necessaria), in… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Confirmation — Confirmation, Bestätigung, Versicherung, daß Etwas gewiß sein soll. Man bezeichnet mit diesem Worte eine religiöse Handlung, welche billig für eine der bedeutungsvollsten gehalten werden möchte. Im Namen des neugebornen Weltbürgers hatten… … Damen Conversations Lexikon
confirmation — the final approval by the bankruptcy court of a debtor s plan of reorganization. Confirmation takes place after the plan has been approved by creditors (Glossary of Common Bankruptcy Terms) The official act of the court in approving a plan or a… … Glossary of Bankruptcy
Confirmation — ситуация, когда несколько индикаторов подтверждают анализ рынка. См. также: Торговые сигналы Финансовый словарь Финам … Финансовый словарь
confirmation — c.1300, confyrmacyoun, the Church rite, from O.Fr. confirmacion (13c.) strengthening, confirmation; proof; ratification, from L. confirmationem (nom. confirmatio) a securing, establishing; an assurance, encouragement, noun of action from… … Etymology dictionary