computational linguistics

the study of the applications of computers in processing and analyzing language, as in automatic machine translation and text analysis.

* * *

      language analysis that makes use of electronic digital computers. Computational analysis is most frequently applied to the handling of basic language data—e.g., making concordances and counting frequencies of sounds, words, and word elements—although numerous other types of linguistic analysis can be performed by computers.

      The period of greatest interest in computational linguistics was from about 1955 to 1965, when researchers undertook projects that would lead to computerized or mechanical translation involving grammatical and semantic analysis of sentences. Support for research in mechanical translation diminished after it became apparent that the problem of producing automatic translations of high quality was far more difficult than it had been thought to be. Techniques developed in computational linguistics have been used in other fields; e.g., the study of style in literature often uses frequency counts of language elements, and information retrieval usually makes use of automated grammatical analysis.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Computational linguistics — This article is about the scientific field. For the journal, see Computational Linguistics (journal). Linguistics …   Wikipedia

  • computational linguistics — noun the use of computers for linguistic research and applications • Hypernyms: ↑linguistics • Hyponyms: ↑machine translation, ↑MT * * * compuˌtational linˈguistics 7 [computational linguistics] …   Useful english dictionary

  • computational linguistics — noun An interdisciplinary field dealing with the statistical and/or rule based modeling of natural language from a computational perspective. This modeling is not limited to any particular field of linguistics …   Wiktionary

  • computational linguistics — /kɒmpjuˌteɪʃənəl lɪŋˈgwɪstɪks/ (say kompyooh.tayshuhnuhl ling gwistiks) noun 1. the application of computational procedures to the study of languages, especially formal languages. 2. the study of the machine translation of languages …   Australian English dictionary

  • computational linguistics (CL) — Use of digital computers in linguistics research. The simplest examples are the use of computers to scan text and produce such aids as word lists, frequency counts, and concordances. From the mid 1950s to the mid 1960s progress was made by… …   Universalium

  • computational linguistics — plural noun [treated as sing.] the branch of linguistics in which the techniques of computer science are applied to the analysis and synthesis of language and speech …   English new terms dictionary

  • computational linguistics — UK / US noun [uncountable] linguistics the study of language using computers …   English dictionary

  • Computational linguistics — …   Википедия

  • Computational Linguistics (journal) — Computational Linguistics   …   Wikipedia

  • Association for Computational Linguistics — Infobox Non profit Non profit name = Association for Computational Linguistics Non profit Non profit type = professional organization founded date = 1962 founder = location = origins = Association for Machine Translation and Computational… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.