compensation

/kom'peuhn say"sheuhn/, n.
1. the act or state of compensating.
2. the state of being compensated.
3. something given or received as an equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering, lack, etc.; indemnity: The insurance company paid him $2000 as compensation for the loss of his car.
4. Biol. the improvement of any defect by the excessive development or action of another structure or organ of the same structure.
5. Psychol. a mechanism by which an individual attempts to make up for some real or imagined deficiency of personality or behavior by developing or stressing another aspect of the personality or by substituting a different form of behavior.
[1350-1400; ME compensacioun < L compensation- (s. of compensatio), equiv. to compensat(us) (see COMPENSATE) + -ion- -ION]
Syn. 3. recompense, payment, amends, reparation; requital, satisfaction, indemnification.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • compensation — [ kɔ̃pɑ̃sasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1290; lat. compensatio, de compensare 1 ♦ Avantage qui compense (un désavantage). Compensation reçue pour des services rendus, des dommages. ⇒ indemnité; dédommagement, réparation, soulte. « Une augmentation de cent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • compensation — com·pen·sa·tion /ˌkäm pən sā shən/ n 1: the act of compensating 2 in the civil law of Louisiana: the ending of mutual obligations between two people for money or quantities of fungible things usu. by operation of law but sometimes by an agreement …   Law dictionary

  • Compensation — • Denotes the price paid for human exertion or labour Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Compensation     Compensation     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • compensation — COMPENSATION. s. f. Estimation par laquelle on compense une chose avec une autre. Juste compensation. Compensation équitable. Faire compensation. Compensation de dépens. Il eut tant par compensation. C est une maxime de Droit, que compensation n… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Compensation — can refer to: Financial compensation, various meanings Compensation (chess), various advantages a player has in exchange for a disadvantage Compensation (engineering) Compensation (essay), by Ralph Waldo Emerson Compensation (film), a 2000 film… …   Wikipedia

  • compensation — Compensation. subst. f. v. Estimation par laquelle on compense une chose avec une autre. Juste compensation. compensation équitable. faire compensation. compensation de despens. il eut tant pour la compensation, C est une maxime du Palais, que… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Compensation — Com pen*sa tion, n. [L. compensatio a weighing, a balancing of accounts.] 1. The act or principle of compensating. Emerson. [1913 Webster] 2. That which constitutes, or is regarded as, an equivalent; that which makes good the lack or variation of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Compensation — (v. lat. Compensatio, Abrechnung), 1) Zahlung einer Schuld durch Abrechnung einer Gegenforderung an den Gläubiger. Sie wird häufig als Einrede gegen die Klage des Gläubigers geltend gemacht, daher Exceptio compensationis. Erfordert wird, daß… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • compensation — compensation. См. компенсация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • compensation — late 14c., action of compensating, from L. compensationem (nom. compensatio) a weighing one thing against another, a balancing, noun of action from compensare (see COMPENSATE (Cf. compensate)). Meaning what is given in recompense is from c.1600;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • compensation — [n] repayment; rectification advantage, allowance, amends, atonement, benefit, bonus, bread*, consideration, counterclaim, coverage, damages, defrayal, deserts*, earnings, fee*, gain, honorarium, indemnification, indemnity, meet, pay, payment,… …   New thesaurus

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