columbarium

/kol'euhm bair"ee euhm/, n., pl. columbaria /-bair"ee euh/.
1. a sepulchral vault or other structure with recesses in the walls to receive the ashes of the dead.
2. any one of these recesses.
3. columbary.
[1840-50; < L: lit., a nesting box for pigeons, equiv. to columb(a) pigeon, dove + -arium -ARY]

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▪ funerary art
      sepulchral building containing many small niches for cinerary urns. The term is derived from the Latin columba (“dove,” or “pigeon”), and it originally referred to a pigeon house or dovecote. It later acquired its more common meaning by association.

      Columbaria were common during the early Roman Empire, when cremation was normal practice. They were usually erected and supervised by funeral societies to which most of the lower and middle classes in Rome belonged. Originating as variants of traditional Etruscan and republican Roman house tombs, columbaria were ordinarily rectangular brick structures built around an open court, the walls of which contained niches for the urns. Some columbaria were very elaborate, and their numerous inscriptions, stucco paintings, and mosaics provide information about the otherwise almost totally forgotten life of the lower classes in antiquity. Perhaps the best examples of columbaria are those in the great necropolis discovered in 1915 beneath the Basilica of San Sebastiano in Rome.

      When in Hadrian's time (AD 117–138) inhumation replaced cremation, columbaria became obsolete. They did not reappear until the 20th-century revival of cremation.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • columbarium — [ kɔlɔ̃barjɔm ] n. m. • 1752 antiq.; mot lat. « colombier » ♦ Édifice où l on place les urnes cinéraires. Des columbariums. ● columbarium nom masculin (latin columbarium, colombier) Bâtiment pourvu de niches où sont conservées les urnes contenant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Columbarium — (Amaẕya,Израиль) Категория отеля: Адрес: Mosav Shekef, Amaẕya, 79380, Израиль О …   Каталог отелей

  • Columbarium — Col um*ba ri*um, n.; pl. L. {Columbaria} [L. See {Columbary}.] (Rom. Antiq.) (a) A dovecote or pigeon house. (b) A sepulchral chamber with niches for holding cinerary urns. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Columbarĭum [1] — Columbarĭum (lat.), 1) Taubenhaus; 2) Öffnungen in Wänden u. dgl. die den Taubenhöhlern gleichen; bes. in denen die Balken eines Gebäudes liegen; 3) Begräbnißstelle, mit Abtheilungen für Aschenkrüge; 4) jede einzelne Abtheilung desselben …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Columbarĭum [2] — Columbarĭum (a. Geogr.), Vorgebirg auf Sardiniens Ostküste; jetzt Capo Libano, nach Andern C. Figari …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Columbarĭum — (lat.), s. Kolumbarium …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Columbarium — Columbarium, s. Leichenverbrennung …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Columbarium —   [lateinisch »Taubenschlag«] das, s/...ri |en, unterirdische römische Grabstätte mit über und nebeneinander angeordneten Wandnischen zur Aufnahme von je zwei Aschenurnen (ursprünglich nur Bezeichnung der einzelnen Nische). Zunehmend wurden die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • COLUMBARIUM — vel us, locus Galliae, in Arvernis, ubi Praeiectus Episcopus Arvernorum xenodochium exstruxit, ubi 20. perpetuo aegroti curarentur. Idem …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • columbarium — subterranean sepulchre in ancient Roman places with niches for urns holding remains, neut. of L. columbarius, dove cote (so called from resemblance), lit. pertaining to doves; from columba dove. Lit. sense of dove cote is attested in English from …   Etymology dictionary

  • columbarium — [käl΄əm ber′ē əm] n. pl. columbaria [käl΄əm ber′ēə] [L, lit., dovecote < columba, dove, orig., gray bird < IE base * kel , *kāl , grayish color > Gr chelainos, black ] ☆ 1. a vault with niches for urns containing the ashes of cremated… …   English World dictionary

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