Colorado Springs

a city in central Colorado: resort; U.S. Air Force Academy. 215,150.

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City (pop., 2000: 360,890), central Colorado, U.S. Standing on a mesa near the eastern base of Pikes Peak, it was founded in 1871 as Fountain Colony and later renamed for a nearby mineral springs.

Growth followed the Cripple Creek gold strikes in the 1890s. Military installations gave further impetus to development: it is home to the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and the U.S. Space Command, headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base (established 1942); Fort Carson (1942); and the U.S. Air Force Academy (1954). The Garden of the Gods, a natural park with red sandstone monoliths, is one of many scenic attractions.

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 city, seat (1873) of El Paso county, central Colorado, U.S. It stands on a mesa (6,008 feet [1,831 metres]) near the eastern base of Pikes Peak, east of Pike National Forest. Founded in 1871 as Fountain Colony by General William J. Palmer, builder of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad (Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company), it was renamed for the nearby Manitou mineral springs. Growth of the area followed the Cripple Creek gold strikes in the 1890s and the promotion of tourism related to the health-resort trade. In 1917 Colorado Springs consolidated with Colorado City (founded 1859 as El Dorado City). The establishment of military installations gave further impetus to development.

      The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and the U.S. Space Command are headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base (1942). The hollowed-out interior of nearby Cheyenne Mountain houses the command and control facilities of NORAD and of other agencies; since 1966 it has been a primary base for aerospace defense and for the tracking of orbiting objects. Fort Carson (1942) is on the city's southern edge, while the U.S. Air Force Academy (United States Air Force Academy) (1958) is set against a backdrop of the Rampart Range.

      Like other cities along the Front Range, Colorado Springs experienced tremendous growth in the 1980s and 1990s. Within a span of seven years (1990–97), the population of Colorado Springs increased from about 280,000 to more than 330,000, and much of the city's large (186 square miles [482 square km]), formerly open, incorporated area was developed during this time.

  The city is the site of Colorado College (1874), the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs (1965), and Nazarene Bible College (1967) and is well served by rail, road, and air links. The Garden of the Gods, a 1,350-acre (546-hectare) natural park with red sandstone monoliths, now a National Landmark, is one of many scenic attractions in the area. Of cultural and historical interest are the Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum, the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, and the May Natural History Museum. The U.S. Olympic Complex, near the city centre, is the headquarters of many national amateur-athletic associations and a training ground for athletes preparing for Olympic competition. Inc. town, 1872; city, 1886. Pop. (2000) city, 360,890; Colorado Springs MSA, 537,484; (2007 est.) city, 376,427; Colorado Springs MSA, 609,096.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colorado Springs — Spitzname: The Springs Stadtmitte von Colorado Springs Lage in Colorado …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Colorado Springs — Colorado Sprịngs   [kɔlə rɑːdəʊ ], Stadt in Colorado, USA, 1 924 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Fuße des Pikes Peak (4 303 m über dem Meeresspiegel) in den Rocky Mountains, (1990) 281 100 Einwohner (1960: 70 200, 1970: 135 500, 1980: 215 200… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Colorado Springs — Colorado Springs, CO U.S. city in Colorado Population (2000): 360890 Housing Units (2000): 148690 Land area (2000): 185.744824 sq. miles (481.076866 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.389903 sq. miles (1.009845 sq. km) Total area (2000): 186.134727 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Colorado Springs, CO — U.S. city in Colorado Population (2000): 360890 Housing Units (2000): 148690 Land area (2000): 185.744824 sq. miles (481.076866 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.389903 sq. miles (1.009845 sq. km) Total area (2000): 186.134727 sq. miles (482.086711 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Colorado Springs — es una ciudad mediana al este del centro geográfico del estado de Colorado en los Estados Unidos. Tiene una población de 360.890 (de acuerdo al censo de 2000). A una elevación de 1.840 metros, está situada cerca de la base de uno de los picos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Colorado Springs — [for the mineral springs in the area] city in central Colo.: site of the U.S. Air Force Academy: pop. 361,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Colorado Springs — Colorado Springs, Hauptstadt der Grafschaft El Paso im nordamerikan. Staat Colorado, 1924 m hoch am Fuße des Pikes Peak gelegen, Bahnknotenpunkt mit College, Taubstummen und Blindenanstalt, Sägemühlen, Viehhandel und (1900) 21,805 Einw. Wegen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Colorado Springs — Colorādo Springs, Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Colorado, (1900) 21.085 E.; Erz und Kohlengruben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Colorado Springs — 38° 51′ 48″ N 104° 47′ 31″ W / 38.863333, 104.791944 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Colorado Springs — noun a city in east central Colorado on the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains; popular tourist center and site of the United States Air Force Academy • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center • Part Holonyms: ↑Colorado,… …   Useful english dictionary

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