Colmar

Fr. /kawl mannrdd"/; Ger. /kawl"mahrdd/, n.
a city in and the capital of Haut-Rhin, in NE France. 67,410.

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France
      town, northeastern France, Haut-Rhin département, in the Alsace région. Colmar is located 42 mi (68 km) south-southwest of Strasbourg, 10 mi west of the Rhine River, bordering the German frontier and a few miles east of the foothills of the Vosges Mountains. It is on the main railway from Strasbourg to Mulhouse and Basel, Switz.

      The first mention of Colmar is in a chronicle of the Saxon wars of Charlemagne, emperor of the West (800–814). In 1226 Colmar was raised to the status of an imperial town by the Holy Roman emperor Frederick II and was surrounded by defensive walls. Civil rights were granted to it by Rudolf of Habsburg in 1278. In 1632, during the Thirty Years' War, it was occupied by Sweden. Louis XIII of France took the town under his protection in 1635; it was later gradually annexed by France during 1648–78. Colmar was twice annexed by Germany: from 1871 to 1919 and again during World War II.

      Colmar's many fountains, ancient churches, and Alsatian Renaissance houses have made Colmar a centre of tourism. The Musée d'Unterlinden, formerly a convent, houses the 16th-century Isenheim Altarpiece, the master work of the German religious painter Matthias Grünewald. The home of the sculptor of New York City's Statue of Liberty, Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (Bartholdi, Frédéric-Auguste), who was born in Colmar in 1834, is a museum. Colmar is also a wine-trading centre and commands an industrial port zone on the Rhine at Neuf-Brisach. Industrialization, much of it by foreign investors, is comparatively recent and includes precision engineering, along with the manufacture of synthetic fibres and electronic machines. The presence of a large number of Japanese firms led to the opening of a Japanese school in the neighbouring small town of Kientzheim. Colmar is a retailing and commercial centre where higher education and research activities (notably in the field of agrobiology) have developed. Pop. (1999) city, 65,136; urban area, 116,268; (2004 est.) city, 65,100.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • COLMAR — La première mention de Colmar se trouve dans un document de 832: le Fiscus Columbarium est une grande propriété des empereurs carolingiens. Au IXe siècle, cette propriété est une villa , où les souverains résident à plusieurs reprises. En 884,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • colmar — verbo transitivo 1. Llenar (una persona) [un recipiente] hasta los bordes: No se puede colmar la cazuela para ponerla al fuego. 2. Llenar (una cosa) [ …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • colmar — Se conjuga como: amar Infinitivo: Gerundio: Participio: colmar colmando colmado     Indicativo   presente imperfecto pretérito futuro condicional yo tú él, ella, Ud. nosotros vosotros ellos, ellas, Uds. colmo colmas colma colmamos colmáis colman… …   Wordreference Spanish Conjugations Dictionary

  • Colmar — Nom porté en Normandie (76, 27), rencontré aussi sous les formes Colmard, Collemare, Collemarre, Colemard. Semble désigner celui qui est originaire de Colmare, hameau de la commune d Yquebeuf (76). Le rapprochement avec la ville de Colmar est… …   Noms de famille

  • Colmar — Colmar, Stadt, so v. w. Kolmar …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Colmar — Colmar. 1) C. im Elsaß, Hauptstadt des Bez. Oberelsaß und des Kr. C., an der Lauch, (1900) 36.844 E., Garnison, Oberlandes , Land , Amtsgericht, Handelskammer, Gymnasium, 2 kath. Lehrerseminare, Dom; Spinnereien, Webereien, Gerbereien,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • colmar — v. tr. 1. Cobrir de colmo. 2. Encher. 3. Conceder com abundância. 4. Rematar. 5. Completar. 6. Elevar ao ponto mais alto. • adj. 2 g. 7. Espécie de pera serôdia.   ‣ Etimologia: colmo + ar …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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