/keuh lis"tin/, n. Pharm.
a toxic antibiotic polypeptide, C45H85O10N13, produced by the bacterium Bacillus colistinus, used in sulfate form against a broad spectrum of microorganisms and in the treatment of severe gastroenteritis.
[1950-55; < NL colistinus epithet for a variety of Bacillus polymyxa, equiv. to coli- (see COLIFORM) + -stinus, appar. an arbitrarily chosen suffix; cf. -IN2]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colistin — Systematic (IUPAC) name N (4 amino 1 (1 (4 amino 1 oxo 1 (3,12,23 tris(2 aminoethyl) 20 (1 hydroxyethyl) 6,9 diisobutyl 2,5,8,11,14,19,22 heptaoxo 1,4,7,10,13,18 hexaazacyclotricosan 15 ylamino)butan 2 ylamino) 3 hydroxybutan 2 ylamino) 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Colistin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Colistin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • colistin — A mixture of cyclic polypeptide antibiotics from a strain of Bacillus polymyxa; separable into polymyxins. SYN: colimycin. c. sulfate the sulfate salt of an antibacterial substance produced by the growth of a …   Medical dictionary

  • colistin — n. an antibiotic used mainly to sterilize the bowel before surgery; it is taken by mouth. Colistin is a mixture of antimicrobial substances produced by a strain of the bacterium Bacillus polymyxa. Trade names: Colomycin …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • colistin — noun Etymology: New Latin colistinus, specific epithet of the bacterium producing it Date: 1951 a polymyxin produced by a bacterium (Bacillus polymyxa var. colistinus) from Japanese soil …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • colistin — noun A polymixin antibiotic effective against a range of gram negative bacteria …   Wiktionary

  • colistin — co·lis·tin …   English syllables

  • colistin — co•lis•tin [[t]kəˈlɪs tɪn[/t]] n. pha a broad spectrum antibiotic derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus colistinus, used esp. for treating gastroenteritis • Etymology: 1950–55; < NL colistinus epithet for a variety of Bacillus polymyxa …   From formal English to slang

  • colistin — kəˈlistə̇n, kō noun ( s) Etymology: colist (from New Latin colistinus, specific epithet of the bacterium producing it) + in : a polymyxin antibiotic produced by a bacterium of the genus Bacillus (B. polymyxa var. colistinus) and used against some …   Useful english dictionary

  • colistin sulfate — [USP] the sulfate salt of colistin, used in the treatment of various systemic, urinary tract, gastrointestinal, ophthalmic, and otic infections due to gram negative bacteria; administered orally, parenterally, and topically …   Medical dictionary

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