coccidiosis

/kok sid'ee oh"sis/, n. Vet. Pathol.
any of a series of specific infectious diseases caused by epithelial protozoan parasites, which may affect the intestines of birds, domestic animals, or dogs.
[1890-95; < NL Coccidi(a) (see COCCIDIUM) + -OSIS]

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      any of several gastrointestinal infections of humans and other animals produced by members of the sporozoan parasite coccidium (class Coccidea). Human coccidiosis is produced by species of Isospora; (Isospora) in its severe form it is characterized by diarrhea (sometimes alternating with constipation), fever, abdominal pain, nausea, headache, loss of appetite, and loss of weight. The symptoms appear about one week after ingestion of spores and subside spontaneously after one to four weeks. Wildlife such as bony fishes, amphibia, reptiles, birds, and mammals harbour Isospora and other genera, and each category of livestock—chickens, cattle, sheep, rabbits, pigs, etc.—has its own coccidian parasites. Coccidiosis may be controlled by sanitary conditions and possibly by administration of certain sulfonamides, arsenicals, and antibiotics. See also cryptococcosis.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • coccidiosis — n. (Med.) any of a group of infectious diseases caused by protozoan parasites (coccidia) of the order {Coccidia}, which infect the intestines of birds, dogs, and other vertebrates. [WordNet 1.5 +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • coccidiosis — Enfermedad parasitaria de las regiones tropicales y subtropicales producida por la ingestión de oocistos de los protozoos Isospora belli o I. hominis. Los síntoma incluyen fiebre, malestar, molestias abdominales y diarrea acuosa. Diccionario… …   Diccionario médico

  • Coccidiosis — vgl. Kokzidiose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • coccidiosis — Mod.L., from Gk. *kokkidion, dim. of kokkis, dim. of kokkos berry + OSIS (Cf. osis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • coccidiosis — [käk sid΄ē ō′sis] n. [ModL < coccidium, little berry + OSIS] a contagious intestinal disease of domestic and wild animals, birds, and, rarely, people, caused by members of an order (Coccidia) of sporozoans living as parasites in the intestines …   English World dictionary

  • coccidiosis — noun (plural coccidioses) Etymology: New Latin Date: 1892 infestation with or disease caused by coccidia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • coccidiosis — a disease caused by various species of the protozoan Eimeria, affecting skin, the intestine, liver and testes, causing nodules, ulcers and granulomas. Important in carp culture …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • coccidiosis — noun The disease caused by coccidian infection …   Wiktionary

  • coccidiosis — Group name for diseases due to any species of coccidia; a common and serious protozoan disease of many species of domestic animals and birds and many wild animals kept in captivity; both intestinal and pulmonary c. have been reported in humans… …   Medical dictionary

  • coccidiosis — n. intestinal disease suffered by birds and domestic animals …   English contemporary dictionary

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