Cnidus

Cnidean, adj.
/nuy"deuhs/, n.
an ancient city in SW Asia Minor, in Caria: the Athenians defeated the Spartans in a naval battle near here 394 B.C.

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Ancient Greek coastal city, southwestern Anatolia.

An important commercial centre and the home of a renowned medical school, Cnidus was one of six cities in the Dorian Hexapolis. It came under the control of the Persian Achaemenian dynasty after 546 BC. A democracy in the 4th century BC, it fell under Ptolemaic control in the 3rd century BC. A free city within the Roman province of Asia, it lasted until the 7th century AD, when it was abandoned. Excavation has revealed numerous public buildings, including the Temple of Aphrodite, where fragments of the celebrated statue of Aphrodite by Praxiteles were discovered.

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▪ ancient city, Turkey
      ancient Greek city on the Carian Chersonese, on the southwest coast of Anatolia. The city was an important commercial centre, the home of a famous medical school, and the site of the observatory of the astronomer Eudoxus. Cnidus was one of six cities in the Dorian Hexapolis and hosted the Dorian games every four years. The Cnidians claimed they were of Spartan origin.

      First founded on the southern coast of the Reşadiye peninsula, it was moved in c. 330 BC to Deveboynu Burnu (Cape Kriyo), where a small island was artificially joined to the mainland. One of the two harbours thus created served ships of war, the other merchant shipping. Cnidus founded colonies on Lipara, north of Sicily, and at Black Corcyra (modern Korčula, Croatia) in the Adriatic Sea.

      After a vain attempt to convert their peninsula into an island, the Cnidians submitted to the Persians soon after 546 BC; they supported Athens in the Delian League against Persia but revolted against Athens in 412. Cnidus became a democracy in the 4th century BC and was under Ptolemaic control in the 3rd century. It was a free city within the Roman province of Asia, enduring until the 7th century AD, when it was abandoned.

      C.T. Newton, excavating the site in 1857–59, found a marble statue of the seated Demeter there. Later excavation revealed the axial plan of the ancient city, a few private dwellings, and numerous public buildings. The most significant of these is the Temple of Aphrodite, a circular Doric temple, excavated by Iris C. Love in 1970. At this site Love found the marble base and fragments of the famous statue of Aphrodite sculpted by Praxiteles in the 4th century BC. The statue, one of the most celebrated in classical antiquity, was purchased by the people of Cnidus after the citizens of the Cos had rejected it on account of its nudity.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cnidus — Cnidus, Stadt, s. Knidos …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cnidus — [nī′dəs] ancient Dorian city in Caria, SW Asia Minor: taken by Persians (540 B.C. ) …   English World dictionary

  • Cnidus — Die beiden Häfen von Knidos und Reste der Anlagen. Knidos (griech. Κνίδος; lat. Cnidus) ist eine antike Hafenstadt im Südwesten Kleinasiens. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lage 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cnidus — geographical name ancient town SW Asia Minor in Caria …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cnidus —    A town and harbour on the extreme south west of the peninsula of Doris in Asia Minor. Paul sailed past it on his voyage to Rome after leaving Myra (Acts 27:7) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Cnidus — Cni•dus [[t]ˈnaɪ dəs[/t]] n. geg anh an ancient city in SW Asia Minor, in Caria: the Athenians defeated the Spartans in a naval battle near here 394 b.c …   From formal English to slang

  • Cnidus — /ˈnaɪdəs/ (say nuyduhs) noun an ancient city of Caria, in south western Asia Minor; Athenian naval victory over the Spartans, 394 BC …   Australian English dictionary

  • Cnidus — Cnidean, adj. /nuy deuhs/, n. an ancient city in SW Asia Minor, in Caria: the Athenians defeated the Spartans in a naval battle near here 394 B.C …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cnidus (Titularbistum) — Cnidus (ital.: Cnido) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der antiken Stadt Knidos in der kleinasiatischen Landschaft Karien. Der Bischofssitz war der Kirchenprovinz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CNIDUS vel GNIDUS — CNIDUS, vel GNIDUS Plinio, l. 5. c. 28. et aliis, Stadia, Capo Crio reste Sophianô, Chio aliis, Doridis in Caria urbs, et promontor, quod inter oram australem et occiduam in mare velut peninsula excurrit contra Nisyrum insulam. Baudrando inter… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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