clouded leopard

a medium-sized wild cat, Felis nebulosa, with brownish-gray fur spotted or striped with black, native to southeastern Asia and Indonesia: an endangered species. Also called clouded tiger.
[1905-10]

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mammal
also called  clouded tiger 
 strikingly marked cat, very similar in colouring and coat pattern to the smaller, unrelated marbled cat (Felis marmorata). There are two species of clouded leopard, which are genetically distinct from one another. Neofelis nebulosa, found on the mainland of southeastern Asia, particularly in forests and other wooded regions, and N. diardi (also called the Bornean clouded leopard), found on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, are thought to have diverged about 1.4 million years ago. The population of clouded leopards declined sharply in the latter half of the 20th century as a result of hunting and deforestation. They are reported to be nocturnal and to live in trees; they prey on birds and on small mammals, such as pigs and monkeys.

      A rather short-legged cat, the clouded leopard has a long head and large upper-canine teeth that are proportionately longer than those of any other cat. The coat of N. nebulosa is short and grayish brown, spotted on the body with large, dark patches partly edged with black; the head, legs, and long tail are spotted. N. diardi is similar in appearance but has a darker coat and smaller patches. The male clouded leopard may attain a length of about 106 cm (42 inches) excluding the 90-cm tail, a shoulder height of about 80 cm, and a weight of about 23 kg (50 pounds); the female is smaller.

      The clouded leopard, as one of the big, or roaring, cats, was formerly placed in the genera Panthera or Leo. In other classifications, it was considered a member of the genus Felis.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clouded leopard — [1] Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Clouded Leopard — Taxobox name = Clouded Leopard MSW3 Wozencraft | pages = 545 546] status = VU trend = down status system = iucn3.1 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Cat Specialist Group|year=2002|id=14519|title=Neofelis nebulosa|downloaded=11 May 2006 Database… …   Wikipedia

  • clouded leopard — noun A medium sized, arboreal cat (Neofelis nebulosa) found in Southeast Asia. It has a proportionately long tail and canines, and a tawny coat with dark, irregular, oval markings. See Also: Bornean clouded leopard …   Wiktionary

  • clouded leopard — dūminis leopardas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Felis nebulosa angl. clouded leopard vok. Nebelparder rus. дымчатый леопард pranc. panthère longibande ryšiai: platesnis terminas – mažosios katės …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • clouded leopard — noun Date: 1910 a medium sized often arboreal cat (Neofelis nebulosa) that occurs from Nepal to southeast China and Indonesia and is grayish to yellowish with darker irregular rings, ovals, and rosettes …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • clouded leopard — noun a large spotted cat found in forests in SE Asia. [Neofelis nebulosa.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • clouded leopard — noun : a medium sized arboreal cat (Felis nebulosa) of southeastern Asia and the East Indies that is mottled and striped with black on a brownish gray ground …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sunda Clouded Leopard — Temporal range: Early Pleistocene to Recent Sunda Clouded Leopard in lower Kinabatangan River, eastern Sabah, Malaysia Conservation …   Wikipedia

  • Bornean Clouded Leopard — Taxobox name = Bornean Clouded LeopardMSW3 Wozencraft| pages = 546] fossil range = Early Pleistocene to Recent image width = 300px image caption = Plate from William Jardine s The Natural History of The Feline , published 1834. status = DD regnum …   Wikipedia

  • Formosan clouded leopard — Conservation status Extinct (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

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