cloisonné

/kloy'zeuh nay"/; Fr. /klwann zaw nay"/, n.
1. enamelwork in which colored areas are separated by thin metal bands fixed edgewise to the ground.
adj.
2. pertaining to, forming, or resembling cloisonné or the pattern of cloisonné.
[1860-65; < F, equiv. to cloison partition (OF < VL *clausion-, s. of *clausio; L claus(us) closed (see CLAUSE, CLOSE) + -io -ION) + < L -atus -ATE1]

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Enameling technique.

Delicate strips of gold, brass, silver, copper, or other metal wire are welded to a metal plate in the shape of a design, and the resulting cellular spaces are filled with vitreous enamel paste that is fired, ground smooth, and polished. The earliest surviving examples are six 13th-centuryBC Mycenaean rings. The technique reached its peak in the West during the Byzantine Empire. Chinese cloisonné was widely produced during the Ming and Qing dynasties; in Japan it was popular in the Edo and Meiji periods. See also enamelwork.

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      in the decorative arts, an enameling technique or any product of that technique, which consists of soldering to a metal surface delicate metal strips bent to the outline of a design and filling the resulting cellular spaces, called cloisons (French: “partitions,” or “compartments”), with vitreous enamel paste. The object then is fired, ground smooth, and polished. Sometimes metal wire is used in place of the usual gold, brass, silver, or copper strips.

      Among the earliest examples of cloisonné are six Mycenaean rings of the 13th century BC. The great Western period of cloisonné enameling was from the 10th to the 12th century, especially in the Byzantine (Byzantine art) Empire. In China cloisonné was widely produced during the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911/12) dynasties. In Japan (arts, East Asian), it was especially popular during the Tokugawa (1603–1868) and Meiji (1868–1912) periods.

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Universalium. 2010.

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