Cleon

/klee"on/, n.
died 422 B.C., Athenian general and political opponent of Pericles.

* * *

died 422 BC, Amphipolis, Macedonia

Athenian politician.

The first prominent representative of the merchant class in Athenian politics, he became leader of Athens in 429 BC after the death of his enemy Pericles. Advocating an offensive strategy in the Peloponnesian War, he proposed that all citizens of the rebellious Mytilene be put to death and its women and children enslaved; the measure passed but was reversed the next day. He reached the summit of his fame when he captured the Spartan island of Sphacteria, but he was killed by the Spartans while trying to retake Thrace.

* * *

▪ Athenian politician

died 422 BC, Amphipolis, Macedonia

      the first prominent representative of the commercial class in Athenian politics, he became leader of the Athenian democracy in 429 after the death of his political enemy, Pericles. In the Peloponnesian War he strongly advocated an offensive strategy. When Mytilene, which had revolted against Athens, fell in 427, Cleon proposed that all its citizens be put to death and the women and children enslaved. His decree was passed but rescinded the next day, in time to save Mytilene. He reached the summit of his fame by capturing the Spartans on the besieged island of Sphacteria in 425 after refusing their peace terms, but was defeated and killed at Amphipolis by the Spartan general Brasidas when trying to recover the cities of Thrace for the Athenian Empire. Cleon is represented by Aristophanes and Thucydides in an extremely unfavourable light, but neither can be considered an unprejudiced witness.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cleon I — is a character in the fictional universe of The Foundation Series. He was the last Emperor of the Entun dynasty (11,988 GE 12,038 GE in the timeline of the novels). He was Emperor of the Galactic Empire when Hari Seldon first arrived on Trantor.… …   Wikipedia

  • Cléon — Cléon …   Wikipedia

  • Cleon — Cléon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cléon (Seine Maritime). Cléon (en grec ancien Κλέων / Kléôn), fils d un riche tanneur, Cléainétos, est l un des principaux hommes politiques athéniens dans les premières années de la guerre du Péloponnèse.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CLÉON — (mort en CLÉON 422) Homme politique athénien. Fils de Cléainétos, Cléon est le personnage le plus vilipendé de l’histoire athénienne: Thucydide, qu’il a fait exiler, l’exècre; Aristophane qu’il a poursuivi en justice, le vomit. On le présente… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cléon — País …   Wikipedia Español

  • CLEOn — Siculus, Alexndrum M. adorari suasit. Curt. l. 8, c. 5 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cleon — [klē′än΄] died 422? B.C.; Athenian demagogue …   English World dictionary

  • Cleon — For other uses, see Cleon (disambiguation). Cleon (English pronunciation: /ˈkliːə …   Wikipedia

  • Cléon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cléon (Seine Maritime). Cléon (en grec ancien Κλέων / Kléôn), fils d un riche tanneur, Cléainétos, et homme politique athénien La prise de Sphactérie et la reddition des Lacédémoniens provoqua un séisme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CLEON — I. CLEON Dux Atheniensium, in Rei publ. administratione adversari solitus Niciae Nicerati filio; Philosophus insuper insignis, quem contra Plutarchum plures egregii scriptores tuentur. Cepit Thoronem in Thracia, Amphipolim obsessurus, sed a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cleon II — Emperor Cleon II is a fictional character from Isaac Asimov s Foundation series. He is the last strong monarch of the Galactic Empire, and reigned during the time when Bel Riose, the last great Imperial general, was engaging in a successful… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.