clausula

clausular, adj.
/klaw"zheuh leuh/, n., pl. clausulae /-lee'/. Music.
an ornamented cadence esp. in early Renaissance music.
[ < L: a closing, conclusion, equiv. to claus(us) (ptp. of claudere to close) + -ula -ULE]

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music
(Latin: “clause”),plural  Clausulae,  

      in music, a 13th-century polyphonic genre featuring two strictly measured parts: notable examples are the descant sections based on the Gregorian chant melisma (several notes to a syllable), which in the organa of the Notre-Dame school alternated with sections featuring coloratura-like passages in relatively free rhythm above a slower-moving cantus firmus.

      Clausulae early gained independent status as untexted “substitute” compositions. The first noted composer of such “substitute” clausulae was Pérotin, the successor of Léonin, whose name is forever associated with the two-part organa of the Parisian School. The motet, of only slightly later origin, was in essence a texted clausula. In the clausula the late-medieval, dance-influenced system of rhythmic modes found its first systematic application.

plural  clausulae 

      in Greek and Latin rhetoric, the rhythmic close to a sentence or clause, or a terminal cadence. The clausula is especially important in ancient and medieval Latin prose rhythm; most of the clausulae in Cicero (Cicero, Marcus Tullius)'s speeches, for example, follow a specific pattern and distinctly avoid certain types of rhythmic endings. The final words of a speech were an important element of its effectiveness. Thus, the quantity of syllables became the basis on which to establish a regular metrical sequence. Certain endings were regarded as strong and were preferred; others were avoided as weak.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cláusula — (Del lat. clausŭla, de clausus, cerrado). 1. f. Der. Cada una de las disposiciones de un contrato, tratado, testamento o cualquier otro documento análogo, público o privado. 2. Gram. y Ret. Tradicionalmente, conjunto de palabras que, formando… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • cláusula — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: derecho Cada una de las disposiciones de un documento público o privado: Una de las condiciones de la cláusula primera del contrato de alquiler es que no puedo hacer obras en el piso. 2. Área: gramática Construcción… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • cláusula — s. f. 1. Condição que faz parte de uma escritura, contrato ou disposição. 2. Artigo, preceito, condição. 3. Circunstância particular. 4.  [Retórica] Sentença.   ‣ Etimologia: latim clausula, ae, fim, terminação, artigo …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Clausŭla — (lat.), s. u. Clausel; daher Claufuliren, beschränken, vorbehalten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Clausŭla — (lat.), Vorbehalt (s. Klausel); in der Musik soviel wie Schlußformel, Kadenz (s.d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Clausula — Clausŭla (lat.), Vorbehalt, s. Klausel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Clausula —   [lateinisch] die, /...lae, Klausel.   * * * Clau|su|la, die; , ...lae [...lɛ]: lat. Bez. für Klausel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Clausula — codicillaris ist ein Kraut (ein Pflaster), das alles heilt. – Pistor., III, 38 …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • cláusula — (Del lat. clausula < claudere, cerrar.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 DERECHO Cada una de las partes, condiciones, disposiciones o estipulaciones de un testamento, contrato o documento análogo, ya sea público o particular. 2 LINGÜÍSTICA Conjunto de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cláusula — El término cláusula puede referirse a: En música: Cláusula En lingüística: Cláusula sintáctica En lógica: Cláusula Cláusula de Horn En derecho: Cláusula penal Cláusula de exclusión Cláusula de revisión salarial Cláusula sobre Protección… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clausula — In Roman rhetoric, a clausula was a rhythmic figure used to add finesse and finality to the end of a sentence or phrase. There was a large range of popular clausulae. Most well known is the classically Ciceronian esse videtur type. In late… …   Wikipedia

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