citron

/si"treuhn/, n.
1. a pale-yellow fruit resembling the lemon but larger and with thicker rind, borne by a small tree or large bush, Citrus medica, allied to the lemon and lime.
2. the tree itself.
3. the rind of the fruit, candied and preserved.
4. a grayish-green yellow color.
5. See citron melon.
adj.
6. having the color citron.
[1375-1425; late ME < MF < It citrone < L citr(us) CITRUS + It -one aug. suffix]

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Small evergreen tree or shrub (Citrus medica).

A member of the rue family, citron is cultivated in Mediterranean countries and the West Indies. It has irregular, spreading, spiny branches and large, pale green, broadly oblong leaves. The flowers of the acidic varieties (e.g., the Diamante) are purple on the outside and white on the inside; those of sweet varieties (e.g., the Corsican) are creamy white. The oval or oblong fruit yields firm pulp, either acidic or sweet, that is used only for by-products. The thick peel is cured in brine, candied, and sold as a confection. The fruit of the Etrog variety is used in Jewish religious rites.

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fruit
 (Citrus medica), small evergreen tree or shrub in the family Rutaceae, cultivated in Mediterranean countries and the West Indies. It grows to about 3.5 m (11.5 feet) high and has irregular, spreading, spiny branches. The leaves are large, pale green, broadly oblong, and slightly serrate with wingless petioles. The flowers of the acidic varieties, such as the Diamante, are purple on the outside and white on the inside, while those of sweet varieties, such as the Corsican, are creamy white. The oval or oblong fruit is protuberant at the tip, about 12 to 15 cm (5 to 6 inches) long, and furrowed. The inner portion of the adhesive rind is thick, white, and fleshy; the outer is thin, greenish yellow, and fragrant. The pulp is firm, either acidic or sweet, and used only for by-products. The thick peel is cured in brine, candied, and sold as a confection. The fruit of the Etrog variety of citron is used in Jewish religious rites.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • citron — [ sitrɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1398; du lat. citrus « citronnier », citreum « citron » 1 ♦ Fruit jaune du citronnier, agrume de saveur acide. Écorce, zeste de citron. Rondelle, tranche de citron. Jus de citron. Citron pressé. Boissons au citron, au jus de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Citron — Cit ron (s[i^]t r[u^]n), n. [F. citron, LL. citro, fr. L. citrus citron tree (cf. citreum, sc. malum, a citron), from Gr. ki tron citron] 1. (Bot) A fruit resembling a lemon, but larger, and pleasantly aromatic; it is produced by the citron tree… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • citron — CITRON. s. masc. Sorte de fruit de forme ovale, de couleur jaune pâle, et qui est plein de jus. Citron aigre, citron doux. Jus de citron. Couleur de citron. Chair de citron confite. Ecorce de citron confite.Citron, se dit aussi De la couleur de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • citron — CITRON. s. m. Sorte de fruit plein de jus, de forme ovale & de couleur jaune pasle. Citron aigre. citron doux. jus de citron. couleur de citron. chair de citron confite. escorce de citron confite …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Citron — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Curt Citron (* 1878), deutscher Reichsgerichtsrat Pierre Citron (1919–2010), französischer Romanist, Literaturwissenschaftler und Musikwissenschaftler Suzanne Citron (* 1922), französische Historikerin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • citron — 1520s, earlier citrine (early 15c.), from Fr. citron citron, lemon (14c.), from augmentative of L. *citrum, related to citrus citron tree, citreum (malum) citron (see CITRUS (Cf. citrus)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • citron — CITRÓN SI / adj. inv., s. n. (de) culoarea lămâiei, galben deschis. (< fr. citron) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • citron — ► NOUN ▪ the large, lemon like fruit of a shrubby Asian tree. ORIGIN Latin citrus citron tree , on the pattern of limon lemon …   English terms dictionary

  • citron — [si′trən] n. [Fr, lemon < It citrone < L citrus,CITRUS] 1. a yellow, thick skinned fruit resembling a lime or lemon but larger and less acid 2. the semitropical tree (Citrus medica) of the rue family bearing this fruit 3. the candied rind… …   English World dictionary

  • CITRON — civitas in tribu Zebulun. Iudic. c. 1. v. 30 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Citron — Surnom possible pour un marchand de citrons ou un homme au visage jaune, le nom, comme sa variante néerlandaise Citroen, a été souvent porté par des juifs askhénazes (voir Zitrone) …   Noms de famille

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