cinnabar

cinnabarine /sin"euh beuh reen', -beuhr in, -bahr'uyn, -een/, cinnabaric /sin'euh bar"ik/, adj.
/sin"euh bahr'/, n.
1. a mineral, mercuric sulfide, HgS, occurring in red crystals or masses: the principal ore of mercury.
2. red mercuric sulfide, used as a pigment.
3. bright red; vermillion.
[1350-1400; < L cinnabaris < Gk kinnábari < ?; r. ME cynoper < ML, L as above]

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Mercury sulfide (HgS), the chief ore mineral of mercury.

It is commonly encountered with pyrite, marcasite, and stibnite in veins near recent volcanic rocks and in hot-springs deposits. It has been used as a bright orange-red pigment in stage makeup (now known to be toxic), painting, and Chinese lacquerwork.

Cinnabar from Red Devil Mine, north of Homer, Alaska

By courtesy of the MacFall Collection; photograph, Mary A. Root

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 mercury sulfide (HgS), the chief ore mineral of mercury. It is commonly encountered with pyrite, marcasite, and stibnite in veins near recent volcanic rocks and in hot-springs deposits. The most important deposit is at Almadén, Spain, where it has been mined for 2,000 years. Other deposits are in Huancavelica, Peru; Iudrio, Italy; and the Coast Ranges of California, U.S. Metacinnabar, the isometric (cubic) form of cinnabar, transforms to cinnabar upon heating to 400°–550° C (750°–1,020° F). For detailed physical properties, see sulfide mineral (table).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cinnabar — Cin na*bar, n. [L. cinnabaris, Gr. ?; prob. of Oriental origin; cf. Per. qinb[=a]r, Hind. shangarf.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Min.) Red sulphide of mercury, occurring in brilliant red crystals, and also in red or brown amorphous masses. It is used in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cinnabar — ► NOUN 1) a bright red mineral consisting of mercury sulphide. 2) (also cinnabar moth) a day flying moth with black and red wings. ORIGIN Greek kinnabari …   English terms dictionary

  • cinnabar — [sin′ə bär΄] n. [ME cinabare < L cinnabaris < Gr kinnabari < ? Ar zinjafr < Pers šangarf, red lead, cinnabar] 1. mercuric sulfide, HgS, a heavy, bright red mineral, the principal ore of mercury 2. artificial mercuric sulfide, used as… …   English World dictionary

  • cinnabar — cinnabar. Mутация, фенотипически проявляющаяся в изменении цвета глаз у дрозофилы, одна из первых (наряду с vermilion <cм.>) мутаций, с помощью которой было показано биохимическое действие генов она нарушает функционирование фермента,… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Cinnabar — Cinnabar, also known as *minium, was employed to produce the reds and vermilion used by MS illuminators. Large quantities have been mined in Spain for two millennia; it is known to chemists as mercury sulphide (HgS). Cf. Brasil; Lapis lazuli …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • cinnabar — (n.) mid 15c., red or crystalline form of mercuric sulphide, also applied to other ores of mercury, originally with reference to its use as a pigment; from O.Fr. cinabre (13c.), from L.L. cinnabaris, from Gk. kinnabari, of oriental origin (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • cinnabar or cn — — мутация, фенотипически проявляющаяся в изменении цвета глаз у дрозофилы. Это одна из первых мутаций (наряду с мутацией vermillion), с помощью которой было показано биохимическое действие генов: она нарушает функционирование фермента,… …   Генетика. Энциклопедический словарь

  • Cinnabar — This article is about the mineral. For the plant resin, see Dragon s blood. For the moth, see Cinnabar moth. Cinnabar Cinnabar on Dolomite General …   Wikipedia

  • cinnabar — gyvsidabrio(II) sulfidas statusas T sritis chemija formulė HgS atitikmenys: angl. artificial cinnabar; black mercury sulfide; cinnabar; mercuric sulfide; mercury(II) sulfide; metacinnabarite; vermilion rus. ртути(II) сульфид; ртуть сернистая …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • cinnabar — noun Etymology: Middle English cynabare, from Anglo French & Latin; Anglo French sinopre, from Latin cinnabaris, from Greek kinnabari, of non Indo European origin; akin to Arabic zinjafr cinnabar Date: 14th century 1. artificial red mercuric… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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