chrysanthemum

/kri san"theuh meuhm/, n.
1. any of several composite plants of the genus Chrysanthemum, as C. leucanthemum, the oxeye daisy, having white ray flowers with a yellow center.
2. any cultivated variety of the plant C. morifolium, native to China, and of other species of Chrysanthemum, notable for the diversity of color and size of their autumnal flowers.
3. the flower of any such plant.
[1570-80; < L < Gk chrysánthemon, equiv. to chrys- CHRYS- + ánthemon flower, akin to ánthos; see ANTHO-]

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Any of the ornamental plants that make up the genus Chrysanthemum, in the composite family.

The genus includes about 100 species native primarily to subtropical and temperate areas of the Old World. Cultivated species, often called mums, have large flower heads; those of wild species are much smaller. Most species have aromatic, alternate leaves. Some have both disk and ray flowers in the heads; others lack ray flowers. Costmary (C. balsamita), pyrethrum, marguerite, Shasta daisy (hybrid forms of C. maximum), florists' chrysanthemum (C. morifolium), feverfew (C. parthenium), corn marigold (C. segetum), and tansy are popular garden plants. Feverfew and pyrethrum are used in insecticides; feverfew and tansy were formerly used in medicines.

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plant
 genus of ornamental plants in the family Asteraceae, containing about 100 species native primarily to subtropical and temperate areas of the Old World. Cultivated species, often called mums, have large flower heads; those of wild species are much smaller. Most plants of the genus have aromatic leaves that alternate along the stem. Some have both disk and ray flowers in the heads, but others lack ray flowers.

      Costmary (C. balsamita); pyrethrum (C. coccineum); Marguerite, or Paris daisy (C. frutescens); Shasta daisy (hybrid forms of C. maximum); florists' chrysanthemum (C. morifolium); feverfew (C. parthenium); corn marigold (C. segetum); and tansy (C. vulgare) are popular garden plants. Feverfew and pyrethrum are used in insecticides; feverfew and tansy were used in medicines in the past.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chrysanthemum — sp Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia

  • Chrysanthemum — Chrysanthemum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chrysanthemum — Sorten der Garten Chrysantheme Systematik Unterklasse: Asternähnliche (Asteridae) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chrysanthĕmum — L. (Goldblume), Gattung der Kompositen, einjährige oder ausdauernde Kräuter, selten Halbsträucher mit ganzrandigen, seltener fiederteiligen Blättern und großen Blütenköpfen. Gegen 140 Arten in Europa, Nord und Mittelasien, auch in Nordamerika und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • chrysanthemum — 1550s, from L. chrysanthemum, from Gk. khrysanthemon marigold, lit. golden flower, from khrysos gold (see CHRYSALIS (Cf. chrysalis)) + anthemon a flower, from PIE *andh bloom (see ANTHER (Cf. anther)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chrysanthemum — [kri san′thə məm, krizan′thə məm] n. [ModL < L < Gr chrysanthemon, marigold, lit., golden flower < chrysos (see CHRYSALIS) + anthemon, a flower] 1. any of a genus (Chrysanthemum) of plants of the composite family, cultivated for their… …   English World dictionary

  • Chrysanthemum — Chrys*an the*mum, n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; chryso s gold + ? flower.] (Bot.) A genus of composite plants, mostly perennial, and of many species including the many varieties of garden chrysanthemums (annual and perennial), and also the feverfew and the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chrysanthĕmum — (Ch. L., Goldblume), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Compositae Senecionideae Anthemideae Chrysanthemeae, 19. Kl. 2. Ordn. L. Arten: Ch. leucanthemum (Große Maßliede, Große römische Kamille, Große Gänseblume), sehr gemein; blüht im Sommer auf …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chrysanthemum — Chrysanthēmum L., Goldblume, artenreiche Pflanzengattg. der Kompositen. C. leucanthĕmum L. (Wucher , Margareten oder Gänseblume), mit großen, weißen Strahl und gelben Scheibenblüten, auf Wiesen, Äckern, Triften gemein. C. parthenĭum Bernh.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • chrysanthemum — CHRYSANTHEMUM. s. m. Plante qu on cultive dans les jardins, à cause de la beauté de sa fleur. Elle est d un jaune doré …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • chrysanthemum — ► NOUN (pl. chrysanthemums) ▪ a garden plant with brightly coloured flowers. ORIGIN from Greek khrusos gold + anthemon flower …   English terms dictionary

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