choragus


choragus
choragic /keuh raj"ik, -ray"jik/, adj.
/keuh ray"geuhs, koh-, kaw-/, n., pl. choragi /-juy/, choraguses.
1. (in ancient Greece)
a. the leader of a dramatic chorus.
b. a person who undertook the expense of providing for such a chorus.
2. any conductor of an entertainment or festival.
Also, choregus.
[1620-30; < L < Gk choragós, dial. var. of CHOREGÓS, equiv. to chor(ós) CHORUS + -egos, comb. form of ágein to lead]

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▪ ancient Greek theatrical sponsor
also spelled  Choregus, or Choragos,  plural  Choragi, Choregi, or Choragoi,  

      in ancient Greek theatre, any wealthy Athenian citizen who paid the costs of theatrical productions at festivals during the 4th and 5th centuries BC.

      Since theatrical performances were civic ceremonies in ancient Greece, the state paid the actors' salaries. The additional expenses of production—including the salaries and training of the chorus, costumes for the chorus and flute players, and payment of the mutes or extras—were assigned to choragi, or producers, on a rotating basis.

      Choragi were appointed to playwrights by lot in July, giving them time to prepare for the dithyrambic, tragic, and comic contests of the Lenaea festival in winter and the Great Dionysia festival in spring, both of which honoured the Greek god Dionysus. Since the spirit of these contests was highly competitive, a rich, helpful, and charitable choragus gave the playwright an advantage. If the play won a prize, however, it officially was awarded to the choragus.

      In 406–405 BC, when the Peloponnesian War increased financial burdens, the duties of the choragus for tragedy and comedy were divided between two choragi. A century later the Athenian choragus was replaced by an agonothete, an annually elected producer provided with state funds, thereby transferring the burden of financing productions from the citizens to the state.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • CHORAGUS — Graece Χορηγός. Quod honestissimum nomen habebatur apud Graecos, iisque tribuebatur, qui surnptus de suo ad ludos sacros praebere solebant. Latinis Choragus dicitur, qui scenicis histrionibus ornamenta agendae fabulae necessaria, vel accepta ab… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Choragus — Cho*ra gus, n.; pl. {Choragi}. [L., fr. Gr. ?, ?; ? chorus + ? to lead.] (Gr. Antiq.) A chorus leader; esp. one who provided at his own expense and under his own supervision one of the choruses for the musical contents at Athens. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chorāgus — Chorāgus, Gattung der Fallkäfer (s.d.), durch nach dem Ende zu verdickte Fühler, die länger als Kopf u. Hals sind, ausgezeichnet …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • choragus — [kō rā′gəs, kərā′gəs] n. pl. choragi [kō rā′jī΄, kə rā′jī΄] [L < Gr chorēgos < choros, CHORUS + agein, to lead: see ACT1] 1. the leader of the chorus in an ancient Greek play 2. any leader of a chorus or band choragic [kōraj′ik] ad …   English World dictionary

  • Choragus — Choragus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Choragus — Der Choregos war in altgriechischen literarischen Texten laut der wörtlichen Übersetzung der Chorführer. Die wichtigere Bedeutung war jedoch der Choregos genannte „Kultursponsor“ in Athen. Ein Choregos stellte einen aus Bürgern bestehenden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • choragus — or choregus noun Etymology: Latin & Greek; Latin choragus, from Greek choragos, chorēgos, from choros chorus + agein to lead more at agent Date: 1625 1. the leader of a chorus or choir; broadly the leader of any group or movement 2. a leader of a …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • choragus — cho·ra·gus …   English syllables


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