chlorpromazine

/klawr prom"euh zeen', klohr-/, n.
a grayish-white, crystalline powder, C17H19ClN2S, derived from phenothiazine, used chiefly to inhibit nausea and vomiting and as a major tranquilizer in the management of schizophrenia and related psychoses.
[1950-55; CHLOR-2 + PRO(PYL) + (A)M(INE) + AZINE]

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drug
      potent synthetic tranquilizing drug that acts selectively upon the higher centres in the brain as a depressant of the central nervous system. It is used in the treatment of persons with psychotic disorders. Chlorpromazine was first synthesized in 1950 and became generally available for medical use in the mid-1950s. One of the first tranquilizers introduced into medicine—along with the rauwolfia alkaloid, reserpine—chlorpromazine soon displaced reserpine in psychiatric practice.

      Chlorpromazine is a representative and important member of a series of tranquilizing agents that includes promazine, triflupromazine, and trifluoperazine; these agents are called phenothiazines (phenothiazine) because they are chemically related to the parasiticide phenothiazine.

      Generally considered as the standard compound in the treatment of psychotic patients, chlorpromazine is widely used to suppress or mitigate delusions and hallucinations, to reduce agitation and violent behaviour, and to restore or increase the patient's response to psychotherapy. Some specific conditions treated with chlorpromazine are chronic delirium, manic states, conceptual disorders, motor hyperactivity, catatonia, and paranoia. A wide variety of schizophrenic conditions are alleviated by chlorpromazine.

      The introduction of chlorpromazine and related drugs onto the wards of mental hospitals in the 1950s had profoundly beneficial medical and social effects. Many previously intractable, agitated, or grossly delusional patients became quieter, more rational, and more accessible to conventional psychotherapy. Such drugs enabled many episodically psychotic patients to have shorter stays in the hospital, and many other patients who would otherwise have been permanently institutionalized were able to live in the outside world once they were maintained on chlorpromazine.

      The principal side effect of chlorpromazine is the rigidity it imparts to the muscles of certain patients; this rigidity may be accompanied by a characteristic tremor of the limbs involved. Chlorpromazine hydrochloride, sometimes marketed under the trade name Thorazine, may be administered orally or rectally or by injection.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chlorpromazine — Systematic (IUPAC) name …   Wikipedia

  • Chlorpromazine — structure de la chlorpromazine Général Nom IUPAC 2 chloro 10 [3( diméthylamino) propyl] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • chlorpromazine — [ klɔrprɔmazin ] n. f. • 1952 aussi chloropromazine; de chlor(o) et prom(eth)azine ♦ Pharm. Médicament de synthèse, tranquillisant qui prévient également les nausées et les vomissements. « Les médicaments qui, telle la chlorpromazine, améliorent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • chlorpromazine — n. a drug derived from phenothiazine and used as a sedative and tranquilizer. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chlorpromazine — [klôr präm′ə zēn΄] n. [ CHLOR(O) + promazine, C17H20N2S, contr. < promethazine, an antihistaminic drug < PRO(PYL) + (di)meth(ylamine), a gaseous compound, (CH3)2NH + (phenothi)azine, C12H9NS < PHENO + THIAZINE] a synthetic drug,… …   English World dictionary

  • chlorpromazine — A phenothiazine antipsychotic agent with antiemetic, antiadrenergic, and anticholinergic actions. c. hydrochloride c. suitable for oral, intramuscular, and intravenous administration. * * * chlor·prom·a·zine …   Medical dictionary

  • chlorpromazine — n. a phenothiazine antipsychotic drug used in the treatment of schizophrenia and mania; it is also used to control nausea and vomiting in terminal illness. Chlorpromazine is administered by mouth or injection or as a rectal suppository; common… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • chlorpromazine — noun Etymology: chlor + propyl + methyl + azine Date: 1952 a phenothiazine C17H19ClN2S used chiefly as a tranquilizer especially in the form of its hydrochloride to control the symptoms of psychotic disorders (as schizophrenia) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chlorpromazine — Neuroleptic aliphatic phenothiazine, thought to act primarily as dopamine antagonist, but also antagonist at a adrenergic, H1 histamine, muscarinic and serotonin receptors. Used clinically as an anti emetic. Has been shown to alter fibroblast… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • chlorpromazine — noun /klɔːˈpɹəʊməzɪn/ A tranquillizing drug, CHClNS, used in the treatment of schizophrenia etc …   Wiktionary

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