chlordane

/klawr"dayn, klohr"-/, n.
a colorless, viscous, water-insoluble, toxic liquid, C10H6Cl8, used as an insecticide.
Also, chlordan /klawr"dan, klohr"-/.
[1945-50; CHLOR-2 + (in)dane an oily cyclic hydrocarbon, equiv. to IND- + -ANE]

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      a chlorinated cyclodiene that is the principal isomer formed in the preparation of a contact insecticide of the same name. Chlordane is a thick, odourless, amber liquid with a molecular formula of C10H6Cl8. The compound's accepted name is octachlorohexahydromethanoindene.

      The organochlorine insecticide chlordane (also called octachlor) was used extensively in agriculture from the mid-1940s through the mid-'60s. It is made by the chlorination of chlordene (hexachlorotetrahydromethanoindene), a cyclodiene having the molecular formula C10H6Cl6. The commercial insecticide contains 60 to 75 percent chlordane; the remainder consists of several compounds closely related to it, including heptachlor. Heptachlor was first observed as a minor component (about 10 percent) in the manufacture of chlordane. It is a white crystalline solid with a melting point of about 95° C and a molecular formula of C10H5Cl7 and is also known as heptachlorotetrahydromethanoindene.

      Chlordane and heptachlor are highly toxic to many insects, and as a class, the organochlorine compounds are considered less toxic to mammals than either the carbamate or organophosphate insecticides. But because chlordane and heptachlor are readily absorbed through the skin and can cause liver damage in laboratory animals, their use has been banned in many countries.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chlordane — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • Chlordane — Général Nom IUPAC Octachloro 4,7 méthanohydroindane Synonymes chlordane chlortox …   Wikipédia en Français

  • chlordane — ● chlordane nom masculin Insecticide puissant utilisé contre les criquets, les fourmis et les termites, de formule C10H6Cl8 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • chlordane — ☆ chlordane [klôr′danklôr′dān΄ ] n. [ CHLOR(O) + (in)dane, deriv. of INDENE] a chlorinated, highly poisonous, volatile oil, C10H6Cl8, formerly used as an insecticide: also chlordan [klôr′dan] …   English World dictionary

  • chlordane — noun Etymology: chlor + indane (C9H10) Date: 1947 a viscous volatile toxic liquid insecticide C10H6Cl8 formerly used in the United States …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chlordane — noun A very toxic chlorinated polycyclic hydrocarbon once used as an insecticide …   Wiktionary

  • chlordane — A chlorinated hydrocarbon used as an insecticide; it may be absorbed through the skin with resultant severe toxic effects: hyperexcitability of central nervous system, tremors, lack of muscular coordination, convulsions, and death; also causes… …   Medical dictionary

  • chlordane — n. chemical compound used as an insecticide …   English contemporary dictionary

  • chlordane — [ klɔ:deɪn] noun a toxic, viscous, synthetic compound used as an insecticide. Origin 1940s: from chlor + (in)dene + ane2 …   English new terms dictionary

  • chlordane — chlor·dane …   English syllables

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