- /chi tah"/; Russ. /chyi tah"/, n.a city in the SE Russian Federation in Asia. 349,000.
* * *▪ Russiaalso spelled Čitacity and administrative centre of the former Chita oblast (region), far eastern Russia. In 2008 Chita region merged with Agin-Buryat autonomous okrug (district) to form Zabaykalsky kray (territory).The city lies at the confluence of the Chita and Ingoda rivers. It was founded in 1653 as a wintering camp, and a fort was built there in 1690. Chita then became a centre for trade with China, along the caravan route that was later followed by the Chinese Eastern Railroad. The Decembrists (Decembrist), exiled there after a plot in December 1825, developed the town, but a greater spur to its growth was the coming of the Trans-Siberian Railroad to the locality in 1900. The modern city, an industrial and cultural centre of eastern Siberia, has spread from the river valleys up the lower slopes of the Chersky Range. Nearby is the junction of the Trans-Siberian with the former Chinese Eastern Railway to Harbin and Shen-yang (Mukden), opened in 1903. This junction led to the establishment of large locomotive and rolling-stock repair works in the city. Chita also has a machine-building factory and produces textiles, sheepskin, and leather goods and a range of foodstuffs. Lignite is mined in its suburb, Chernovskye Kopi. Pop. (2006 est.) 306,239.also spelled Čitaformer oblast (region), far eastern Russia; in 2008 it merged with Agin-Buryat autonomous okrug (district) to form Zabaykalsky kray (territory). The region is centred on Chita city. Its terrain is marked with a complex series of mountain ranges (principally the Yablonovo), plateaus, valleys, and broad basins. Most of the region is in coniferous forest, chiefly of Dahurian larch; in southern depressions there is forest-steppe and steppe vegetation. The climate is dry and severely continental. Apart from the Buryat peoples there are a few Evenk, but the bulk of the population consists of Russians who settled the area in the mid-17th century. In 1654 Nerchinsk was founded as a major trading centre with China. After the 1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk (Nerchinsk, Treaty of), which halted the Russian advance down the Amur River, the Chita region remained a frontier area and a place of exile and penal labour for criminals and political prisoners in the silver mines east of Nerchinsk. There was little free settlement until the coming of the Trans-Siberian Railroad in the 1890s. The railway remains the main axis of communication. Today mining and primary-ore processing dominate the economy and include gold (at Baley), tin, tungsten, molybdenum, lead, zinc, fluorspar, lithium, tantalum, and some lignite (brown coal). Timber working is widespread. Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky is a metallurgical centre of regional significance. Agriculture, despite much new plowing in the 1950s, is poorly developed, and livestock raising, especially of sheep, is dominant. Fox and squirrel furs are produced on fur farms. Area 159,300 square miles (412,500 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 1,128,238.
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Chita — may refer to one of the following: Contents 1 Places 2 People 3 Other 4 See also Places Chita, Aichi, a city in Aichi Pr … Wikipedia
Chita — shi 知多市 … Deutsch Wikipedia
chita — chita, a la chita callando expr. secretamente, disimuladamente. ❙ «Yo creo que Ana Botella, a la chita callando, está haciendo bastante más por la promoción política de las maromas que lo que hizo Carmen Romero.» Jaime Campmany, ABC, 24.1.99. ❙… … Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"
chită — CHÍTĂ, chite, s.f. (reg.) 1. Mănunchi de flori, de frunze etc. 2. Mănunchi format din douăsprezece fuioare de in sau de cânepă. – Din scr. kita, ucr. kyta. Trimis de valeriu, 11.02.2005. Sursa: DEX 98 CHÍTĂ s. v. buchet, mănunchi. Trimis de… … Dicționar Român
chita — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Astrágalo, hueso. Frases y locuciones 1. a la chita callando Uso/registro: coloquial. Con disimulo, sin llamar la atención: A la chita callando, la abu … Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española
chita — s. f. 1. Tecido de algodão estampado a cores. 2. O mesmo que chitada. • adj. 2 g. 3. [Brasil] O mesmo que chitado. ‣ Etimologia: neoárico chhit chita s. f. [Zoologia] Grande felídeo de pelo amarelo com pintas escuras, encontrado em África e no … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Chita — f Spanish: short form of Conchita (see CONCHA (SEE Concha)) … First names dictionary
Chita — [chē tä′] city in SE Russia, near the Mongolian border: pop. 367,000 … English World dictionary
Chitá — Para otros usos de este término véase Chita (desambiguación). Чита Chitá … Wikipedia Español
chita — ► sustantivo femenino 1 ANATOMÍA Taba o astrágalo, hueso del pie. 2 JUEGOS Juego en que se pone derecha una taba, a la que se tiran piedras para tumbarla. TAMBIÉN chito 3 Cosa de poca importancia: ■ no se enfadó porque su engaño lo consideró una… … Enciclopedia Universal
chita — 1. toque de una bolita a otra en el juego de las bolitas; golpe fuerte de una bolita sobre otra; cf. tincar, por la chita, chita y cuarto, dar la chita; a las tres chitas se gana la bolita , juguemos a la chita y cuarto , te di chita No, no la… … Diccionario de chileno actual