Chimkent

/chim kent"/; Russ. /chyim kyent"/, n.
a city in S Kazakhstan, N of Tashkent. 321,000.

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Kazak  Shymkent , also spelled  Shimkent  or  Čimkent 

      city, south-central Kazakhstan. It lies in the valley of the Sayram River in the foothills of the Ugam Range at an elevation of 1,680 feet (512 m).

      Originally a settlement on the caravan route from Central Asia to China, Chimkent dates back at least to the 12th century and was more than once destroyed by nomad attacks. After becoming part of the khanate of Kokand in the early 19th century, it was captured by the Russians in 1864. A pharmaceutical (santonin) works was constructed there in 1885.

      Chimkent's population increased twelvefold from 1926 to 1970. It is now the third largest city in Kazakhstan and a major industrial and cultural centre, as well as an important railway junction. The city has large lead, automatic-press, and cement works, with a chemical industry (processing phosphates from Karatau) and food and light industries. Chimkent also has teacher-training, technological, and cultural institutes, cement and Karakul-breeding research institutes, and Kazak and Russian theatres. An old Asiatic quarter still remains. Pop. (1995 est.) 397,600.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chimkent — [chim kent′] city in SC Kazakhstan, north of Tashkent: pop. 439,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Chimkent — Schymkent Шымкент Staat: Kasachstan Gebiet: Südkasachstan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chimkent — Chymkent Administration Pays  Kazakhstan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chimkent — ► Prov. de Kazakistán; 116 300 km2 y 1 831 000 h. Capital, la c. homónima (393 000 h), centro industrial y cultural. * * * Ciudad (pob., est. 1999: 360.100 hab.), en el centro sur de Kazajstán. Se encuentra a una elevación de 512 m (1,680 pies)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chimkent — geographical name see Shymkent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Chimkent — Chim•kent [[t]tʃɪmˈkɛnt[/t]] n. geg a city in S Kazakhstan. 397,600 …   From formal English to slang

  • Chimkent — /chim kent /; Russ. /chyim kyent /, n. a city in S Kazakhstan, N of Tashkent. 321,000 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chymkent — Chimkent Chimkent (anciennement Tchimkent) est une ville du sud du Kazakhstan et un centre industriel important. Sa population est d environ 561 200 habitants (01.07.2008). Liens externes http://www.shymkent.ru http://www.shymkent.com… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shymkent — Chimkent Chimkent (anciennement Tchimkent) est une ville du sud du Kazakhstan et un centre industriel important. Sa population est d environ 561 200 habitants (01.07.2008). Liens externes http://www.shymkent.ru http://www.shymkent.com… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tchimkent — Chimkent Chimkent (anciennement Tchimkent) est une ville du sud du Kazakhstan et un centre industriel important. Sa population est d environ 561 200 habitants (01.07.2008). Liens externes http://www.shymkent.ru http://www.shymkent.com… …   Wikipédia en Français

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