Chillicothe

/chil'euh koth"ee/, n.
a city in S Ohio. 23,420.

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      city, seat (1839) of Livingston county, north-central Missouri, U.S. It lies near the Grand River, 90 miles (145 km) northeast of Kansas City. Settled about 1830, it was laid out in 1837 and named for Chillicothe, Ohio. When the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad came through in 1859, Chillicothe developed as a trade centre for a farming, livestock-raising, and dairying region. Its manufactures include wire rope, animal husbandry products, filters for farm and road machinery, and gloves.

      Chillicothe is the site of a vocational technical school (1967). The birthplace, at nearby Laclede, of General John J. Pershing, commander of U.S. forces in World War I, is preserved as a state historic site; to the south is Pershing State Park. Fountain Grove Conservation Area and Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge are to the southeast of the city. Sloan's Liniment, a well-known preparation for sore muscles, was first compounded by Earl and Foreman Sloan while they operated a livery stable in Chillicothe (1870–72). Inc. 1869. Pop. (2000) 8,968; (2005 est.) 8,686.

      city, seat (1798) of Ross county, south-central Ohio, U.S. The city lies along the Scioto River and Paint Creek, about 45 miles (72 km) south of Columbus. It is overlooked (northeast) by Mount Logan, which is depicted on the official state seal. It was first settled (1796) by Virginians led by Nathaniel Massie, and its name was derived from a Shawnee word meaning “principal town.” Chillicothe served as capital of the Northwest Territory (1800–03), was incorporated as a city in 1802, and was twice the state capital (1803–10; 1812–16). The first state constitution was written there. Some of the state's best-preserved prehistoric Indian earthworks are in the vicinity, including Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. The Ross County Historical Society Museum (housing Indian and pioneer relics) is in the city. Adena State Memorial (a stone mansion built by U.S. senator and Ohio governor Thomas Worthington in 1805–07) is nearby. The Chillicothe Gazette (1800), the oldest continuously published newspaper in Ohio, is housed in a replica of the first statehouse and maintains a museum of printing.

      The city's commercial activity, which is based mainly on the distribution of local farm produce, increased with the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal (1831) and the Marietta and Cincinnati (now Baltimore and Ohio) Railroad (1852). Papermaking, a leading industry, began in 1812; other manufactures include heavy trucks and automotive parts. A branch campus (1946) of Ohio University is in Chillicothe. Pop. (2000) 21,796; (2006 est.) 22,216.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chillicothe — Chillicothe, OH U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 21796 Housing Units (2000): 10303 Land area (2000): 9.544021 sq. miles (24.718899 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.197684 sq. miles (0.511998 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.741705 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chillicothe — Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chillicothe — is the name of some places in the United States of America: Chillicothe, Ohio Chillicothe Turnpike Chillicothe, Illinois Chillicothe, Iowa Chillicothe, Missouri Chillicothe, Texas See also Chalahgawtha, an alternate spelling of Chillicothe …   Wikipedia

  • Chillicothe — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Chillicothe (Illinois) Chillicothe (Iowa) Chillicothe (Missouri) Chillicothe (Ohio) Chillicothe (Texas) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chillicothe, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 90 Housing Units (2000): 44 Land area (2000): 0.227457 sq. miles (0.589112 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.005772 sq. miles (0.014949 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.233229 sq. miles (0.604061 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chillicothe, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 5996 Housing Units (2000): 2544 Land area (2000): 4.939892 sq. miles (12.794262 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.283122 sq. miles (0.733282 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.223014 sq. miles (13.527544 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chillicothe, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 8968 Housing Units (2000): 4060 Land area (2000): 6.541470 sq. miles (16.942328 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.014823 sq. miles (0.038392 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.556293 sq. miles (16.980720 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chillicothe, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 21796 Housing Units (2000): 10303 Land area (2000): 9.544021 sq. miles (24.718899 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.197684 sq. miles (0.511998 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.741705 sq. miles (25.230897 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chillicothe, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 798 Housing Units (2000): 373 Land area (2000): 1.013649 sq. miles (2.625340 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.013649 sq. miles (2.625340 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chillicothe — Chillicothe, s. Chilicothe …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chillicothe — (spr. schillikōth), 1) Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Roß im nordamerikan. Staat Ohio, am Seioto, 1796 gegründet, mit höhern Schulen, Cisen und Kohlengruben, Fabriken und (1900) 12,976 Einw. – 2) Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Livingston im nordamerikan.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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