chief justice

chief justiceship.
1. Law. the presiding judge of a court having several members.
2. (caps.) Official title, Chief Justice of the United States. the presiding judge of the U.S. Supreme Court. See table under Supreme Court.
[1685-95]

* * *

Presiding judicial officer within any multijudge court.

It is the title of the highest judicial officer in any U.S. state, and of the leader of the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. chief justice, like the associate justices, is nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate for a lifetime tenure. The chief justices of some state supreme courts are subject to popular election and mandatory retirement ages. Chief justices are normally responsible for the administration of their own court and the preparation of the judiciary's budget.

* * *

▪ judicial officer
 the presiding judge in the Supreme Court of the United States, and the highest judicial officer of the nation. The chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate and has life tenure. His primary functions are to preside over the Supreme Court in its public sessions when the court is hearing arguments and during its private conferences when it is discussing and deciding cases. He serves as chairman in the court and has authority to assign the writing of opinions in cases where he is a member of the majority; otherwise his powers are the same as those of any other Supreme Court justice. The chief justice customarily administers the oath of office to the president and vice-president at the time of their inauguration. The chief justice is also the presiding officer of the Judicial Conference of the United States, an assembly of judges representing all the federal courts that reviews and investigates problems relating to the administration of justice in those courts.

 When the office is occupied by a person of extraordinary intellectual capacity and dynamic personality, as was the case with John Marshall (Marshall, John), the chief justice may exert a great influence on the court's work. When the occupant of the centre chair is a lesser figure, as has often been the case, he is likely to be overshadowed by other members of the court.

      The title of chief justice is also usually accorded the presiding judicial officer within any multijudge court, as well as to the highest judicial officer within a state of the United States. Since 1860, the title of lord chief justice of England has been given to the officer presiding over the Queen's Bench division of the High Court of Justice. See lord chief justice.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chief justice — n: a chief judge of a usu. higher level court; specif often cap: the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court chief jus·tice·ship n Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Chief justice — Chief jus tice The presiding justice, or principal judge, of a court. [1913 Webster] {Lord Chief Justice of England}, The presiding judge of the Queen s Bench Division of the High Court of Justice. The highest judicial officer of the realm is the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chief justice — Justice Jus tice (j[u^]s t[i^]s), n. [F., fr. L. justitia, fr. justus just. See {Just}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality of being just; conformity to the principles of righteousness and rectitude in all things; strict performance of moral… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chief Justice — steht für Oberster Richter oder Gerichtspräsident eines bestimmten Gerichts oder eines Landes. siehe etwa: Chief Justice of the United States, das nominelle Oberhaupt der Bundesgerichte der Vereinigten Staaten Chief Justice (Ghana), der Oberste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chief Justice — Chief Justices N COUNT; N TITLE A Chief Justice is the most important judge of a court of law, especially a supreme court. ...Chief Justice Marshall …   English dictionary

  • chief justice — n the most important judge in a court of law, especially the US Supreme Court …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • chief justice — noun count the most senior judge in a court of law, especially the U.S. Supreme Court …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • chief justice — n. the presiding judge of a court made up of several judges …   English World dictionary

  • Chief Justice — The Chief Justice in many countries is the name for the presiding member of a Supreme Court in Commonwealth or other countries with an Anglo Saxon justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Canada, the Constitutional …   Wikipedia

  • Chief Justice — Juge en chef Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Chief Justice (que l on peut traduire en français par Juge en chef) est le titre du président de la Cour suprême dans de nombreux pays du… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.