Chiang Ching-kuo

/jyahng" jing"gwaw"/
born 1910, Chinese political leader: president of the Republic of China since 1978 (son of Chiang Kai-shek).

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or Jiang Jingguo

born March 18, 1910, Qikou, Zhejiang province, China
died Jan. 13, 1988, Taipei, Taiwan

Son of Chiang Kai-shek, and his successor as leader of the Nationalist government in Taiwan.

He was formally elected by the National Assembly to a six-year presidential term in 1978 and reelected in 1984. He tried to maintain Taiwan's foreign-trade relationships and political independence as other countries began to break off diplomatic relations in order to establish ties with mainland China. Other actions during his presidency included ending martial law, allowing opposition parties, and encouraging native-born Taiwanese to participate in government.

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▪ president of Taiwan

born March 18, 1910, Fenghua, Zhejiang province, China
died Jan. 13, 1988, Taipei, Taiwan
 son of Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi), and his successor as leader of the Republic of China (Taiwan). His father's death in 1975 was followed by a caretaker presidency until March 21, 1978, when Chiang Ching-kuo (Jiang Jingguo) was formally elected by the National Assembly to a six-year presidential term; he was reelected to a second term in 1984.

      The son of Chiang Kai-shek and his first wife (whom Chiang Kai-shek subsequently divorced), Chiang Ching-kuo attended primary school in China and was arrested several times during his youth for involvement with revolutionary activities. In 1925 he went to Moscow, where he studied at Sun Yat-sen University. At that time his father was one of the leaders of the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang), which included many communists, but in 1927 Chiang Kai-shek dissolved the Nationalists' alliance with the communists. Chiang Ching-kuo denounced his father's actions and soon was selected for advanced studies at the Central Tolmachev Military and Political Institute in Leningrad, from which he graduated. While employed in one of a number of minor jobs that he held in the Soviet Union, he met the Russian woman (Chinese name Chiang Fang-liang) whom he married in 1935.

      Chiang Ching-kuo again denounced his father's policies in 1936, but he later claimed that he was forced to do so and also to remain in the Soviet Union. When, early in 1937, Chiang Kai-shek formed a new United Front with the Chinese Communist Party, father and son were reunited in China.

      During the war with the Japanese that followed the formation of the second United Front, Chiang Ching-kuo held various military and administrative posts in the Nationalist government. After 1941 his father came to rely increasingly on his advice, and, when the Communists gained control of mainland China in 1949, father and son moved to Taiwan, where they reestablished the headquarters of the Nationalist government, continuing to style it the Republic of China (according to the 1946 constitution). There Chiang Ching-kuo was given control of the military and security agencies of the Nationalist government, and in 1965 he became minister of national defense, with command of the army. In 1972 he was appointed prime minister by his father.

      During his father's illness (1973–75) and after his own election to the presidency in 1978, Chiang moved to eliminate governmental corruption and favouritism and to broaden the government's base by bringing more native-born Taiwanese into the legislative and executive branches, which were dominated by former mainland Chinese officials of the Nationalist Party. Chiang tried to maintain Taiwan's vital foreign-trade relationships as well as its political independence, since many members of the international community, including the United States, broke diplomatic relations with his country in the 1970s in order to establish ties with China. In the 1980s Chiang remained opposed both to Taiwanese recognition of the Chinese communist regime and to negotiations for his country's reunification with the mainland.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chiang Ching-kuo — (links) mit seinem Vater Chiang Kai shek im Jahre 1948 Chiang Ching kuo (chinesisch 蔣經國 Jiǎng Jīngguó, W. G. Chiang Ching kuo; * 27. April 1910 in Qikou, Provinz Zhejiang; † 13. Januar 1988 in Taipeh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chiang Ching-Kuo — (chin. 蔣經國, Jiǎng Jīngguó, W. G. Chiang Ching kuo; * 27. April 1910 in Qikou, Provinz Zhejiang; † 13. Januar 1988 in Taipeh) war ein Kuomintang Politiker; er war Sohn Chiang Kai sheks. Chiang Ching kuo wurde Nachfolger seines Vaters als Präsident …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chiang Ching-Kuo — 3e Président de la République de Chine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chiang Ching-kuo — Mandats 3e Président de la République de Chine 20 mai 1978 – 13 janvier 1988 Prédécesseur Yen Chia kan Successeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CHIANG CHING-KUO — (1909 1988) Fils de Chiang Kai chek (Tchiang Kai chek) qui l’envoie, adolescent, suivre les cours de l’université Sun Yat sen à Moscou, Chiang Ching kuo (Jiang Jingguo) ne regagne la Chine qu’en 1937, soit dix ans après la rupture intervenue… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chiang Ching-kuo —   [dʒiaȖ tʃiȖ ], Tschiang Tsching kuo, Jiang Jingguo [dʒjaȖ dʒ ], chinesischer Politiker, * Provinz Zhejiang 18. 3. 1910, ✝ T aipei 13. 1. 1988; 1965 69 Verteidigungsminister, 1972 78 Ministerpräsident und 1978 88 Staatspräsident der Republik… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chiang Ching-kuo — (chino tradicional: 蔣經國, chino simplificado: 蒋经国, pinyin: Jiǎng Jīngguó) (27 de abril de 1910 13 de enero de 1988), dirigente político chino. Fue presidente de la República de China en Taiwán. Hijo de Chiang Kai shek, fue militante del partido… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chiang Ching-kuo — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chiang. Chiang Ching kuo 蔣經國 6th/7th term President of the Republic of China In office 20 May 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Chiang Ching-kuo — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al au …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chiang Ching-kuo — /tʃjʌŋ tʃɪŋ ˈkwoʊ/ (say chyung ching kwoh) noun → Jiang Jingguo …   Australian English dictionary

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