/chelt"neuhm/ for 1, 3; /chel"tn ham'/ for 2, n.
1. a city in N Gloucestershire, in W England: resort. 86,500.
2. a town in SE Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia. 35,509.
3. Print. a style of type.

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      town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, England. It is situated where the River Chelt, a tributary of the River Severn, breaks through the western edge of the Cotswolds.

      A church is known to have existed at Cheltenham as early as 803. The town is first mentioned in documents in 1223, when the benefit of markets, fairs, and the hundred (feudal administrative division) of Cheltenham were leased to the local manor. After the discovery of three mineral springs in 1716 and the ensuing erection of a pump room in 1738, Cheltenham rapidly became fashionable, its popularity being assured by a visit by King George III in 1788. Many Georgian buildings, wide tree-lined avenues, and open spaces survive in the contemporary urban plan.

      The town is now an educational centre, the main schools being Cheltenham College (founded 1841), Cheltenham Ladies' College (1853), Dean Close School (1886), and a teacher-training college. The town has an opera house and a civic playhouse. Annual festivals of music and literature were established after World War II. There are some light industries. Besides the town of Cheltenham, the borough includes the town of Charlton Kings and a small section of the Cotswolds. Area borough, 18 square miles (47 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 98,875; borough, 110,025.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cheltenham — …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cheltenham —   [ tʃeltnəm], Stadt in der County Gloucestershire, Südwestengland, am Fuß der Cotswold Hills, 91 300 Einwohner; anglikanischer Bischofssitz; Schulzentrum; Leichtindustrie.   Stadtbild:   Cheltenham hat einen regelmäßigen Stadtgrundriss und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cheltenham — (spr. Tschelt nhämm), 1) Stadt der englischen Grafschaft Gloucester; am Chelt u. der Eisenbahn von Bristol nach Birmingham; schöne Kirche, Charitéschulen, Theater, Spatziergänge, B. d. mit sehr besuchten Eisenquellen von 9–10° R.; 41,500 Ew. Die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cheltenham — (spr. tschélltnǟm), Stadt (municipal borough) und Badeort in Gloucestershire (England), nordöstlich von Gloucester, am Fuß der Cotswoldhügel, seines milden Klimas halber viel von ehemaligen indischen Beamten als Wohnsitz gewählt, hat (1901)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cheltenham — (spr. tschellt nämm), Badeort in der engl. Grafsch. Gloucester, (1901) 49.439 E.; Mineralquellen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cheltenham — (Tschelltnhäm), engl. Stadt in der Grafschaft Gloucester mit 43500 E., berühmter Badeort, mit Schwefel , Eisen und alkalinischen Quellen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Cheltenham — [chelt′ n ham΄; ] Brit [ chelt′nəm, chelt′ n əm] city in Gloucestershire, SW England: county district pop. 103,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Cheltenham — For other places with the same name, see Cheltenham (disambiguation). Cheltenham   Non metropolitan district and borough   …   Wikipedia

  • Cheltenham — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cheltenham (Australie). Cheltenham …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cheltenham — Borough of Cheltenham …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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