Chautauqua

/sheuh taw"kweuh, cheuh-/, n.
1. Lake, a lake in SW New York. 18 mi. (29 km) long.
2. a village on this lake: summer educational center.
3. an annual educational meeting, originating in this village in 1874, providing public lectures, concerts, and dramatic performances during the summer months, usually in an outdoor setting.
4. (usually l.c.) any similar assembly, esp. one of a number meeting in a circuit of communities.
adj.
5. of or pertaining to a system of education flourishing in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, originating at Lake Chautauqua, New York.
6. (usually l.c.) pertaining to a chautauqua: a chautauqua program.

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      resort-colony and town (township), Chautauqua county, western New York, U.S. The resort-colony lies on Chautauqua Lake (18 miles [29 km] long, 1–2 miles [1.5–3 km] wide), near Lake Erie (Erie, Lake), 16 miles (26 km) northwest of Jamestown. It originated in 1874 with the establishment of the Chautauqua Institution, a lyceum and amusement series popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that was started by John Heyl Vincent as an attempt to educate Methodist Sunday-school teachers. The institution gave rise to the chautauqua movement, in which similar programs were established throughout the United States. Though the movement has died out and the popularity of the original series itself has greatly diminished, the institution remains the centre of a resort area with a summer program of cultural pursuits (including art, drama, music, and religion) and youth activities. The town includes the village of Mayville. Area 67 square miles (174 square km). Pop. (1990) town, 4,554; (2000) town, 4,666.

      county, extreme southwestern New York state, U.S., bordered by Lake Erie (Erie, Lake) to the north and Pennsylvania to the west and south. A band of lowlands along Lake Erie rises to rolling hills that surround Chautauqua Lake in the interior. The county is drained by French, Cassadaga, and Conewango creeks. The major forest types are sugar maple, beech, and oak, with stands of elm and red maple in lowland regions. Recreational areas include Lake Erie and Long Point state parks.

      Indians native to the region when Dutch and English traders arrived were Iroquoian-speaking Erie. The State University of New York College at Fredonia was founded in 1826. Other communities are Jamestown, Dunkirk, and Mayville, which is the county seat. Located on Chautauqua Lake, the resort town of Chautauqua contains the Chautauqua Institution (founded 1874), a centre for adult education that inspired hundreds of similar lyceums nationwide as part of the chautauqua movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

      The county was formed in 1808, its name derived from a Seneca Indian word meaning “where the fish was taken out.” The main economic activities are agriculture (fruit, hay, and cattle) and manufacturing (furniture, machinery, and metal products). Area 1,062 square miles (2,751 square km). Pop. (2000) 139,750; (2007 est.) 133,945.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chautauqua — war eine Bewegung der Erwachsenenbildung in den ländlichen Gebieten der USA vom Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts bis zum Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Als Form der Lehrrede kombinierte die Chautauqua unterhaltende wie auch bildende Elemente in einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chautauqua — Chautauqua, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 113 Housing Units (2000): 72 Land area (2000): 0.425810 sq. miles (1.102843 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.425810 sq. miles (1.102843 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chautauqua, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 113 Housing Units (2000): 72 Land area (2000): 0.425810 sq. miles (1.102843 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.425810 sq. miles (1.102843 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chautauqua — Chau*tau qua a meeting, usually held in the summer outdoors or under a temporary tent, providing public lectures combined with entertainment such as concerts and plays. It originated in the village of Chautauqua, N. Y., in 1874, and was popular… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chautauqua —   [ʃə tɔːkwə], Ferienzentrum im äußersten Westen des Staates New York, USA, am Chautauquasee, mit der Chautauqua Institution, einem 1874 gegründeten bedeutenden Erwachsenenbildungszentrum mit Bibliotheken, Theater und Konzertsälen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • chautauqua — [shə tô′kwə] n. [< the summer schools inaugurated at Chautauqua in 1874] an educational and recreational assembly with lectures, concerts, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Chautauqua — (spr. schataokwă), Hauptort der gleichnamigen Grafschaft im W. des Staates New York, berühmt als Ausgangspunkt der auf Verbreitung höherer Volksbildung gerichteten Bewegung (»University Extension«) mit vielbesuchten Vortragszyklen während des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chautauqua — assembly for popular education, 1873, from town in New York, U.S., where an annual Methodist summer colony featured lectures. The name is from ja dahgweh, a Seneca (Iroquoian) name, possibly one has taken out fish there, but an alternative… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Chautauqua — ☆ Chautauqua [shə tô′kwə ] 1. [< Seneca name; prob., lit., “one has taken out fish there”] 2. lake in SW N.Y.: 18 mi (29 km) long 3. town on this lake: pop. 5,000 Chautauquan adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Chautauqua — This article is about the adult education movement. For other uses of Chautauqua, see Chautauqua (disambiguation). Chautauqua (  /ʃəˈ …   Wikipedia

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