Charolais

/shar'euh lay"/, n.
one of a breed of large white or cream-colored beef cattle, originally of France, often used in crossbreeding.
Also, Charolaise /shar'euh layz"/.
[1890-95; < F charolais (masc.), charolaise (fem.) lit., pertaining to the town of Charolles (Saône-et-Loire) and le Charolais its environs]

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Breed of large, light-coloured cattle, developed in France for draft purposes but now kept for beef production and used for crossbreeding.

White cattle had long been characteristic of the Charolais region, but the breed was first recognized с 1775. A typical Charolais is massive, horned, and cream-coloured or slightly darker. The breed was first imported into the U.S. from a Mexican herd in 1936, but, because of problems with disease in the French herds, few were later imported. It is crossbred with beef breeds and dairy cows.

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▪ breed of cattle
 breed of large, light-coloured cattle developed in France for draft purposes but now kept for beef production and used for crossbreeding. White cattle had long been characteristic of the Charolais region; recognition of the Charolais breed began about 1775. A typical Charolais is massive and horned and cream-coloured or slightly darker.

      The breed was first imported into the United States from a herd in Mexico in 1936, but few were later imported because of disease problems of the breed in France. The Charolais is crossbred with beef breeds and dairy cows (cow); the Charbray, a mixture of Charolais and Brahman, is a notable example.

also spelled  Charollais,  

      region and former county of France in southern Burgundy, consisting of the country around Charolles (in the modern département of Saône-et-Loire). Formed from the southern part of the countship of Autun, Charolais was held successively by the houses of Burgundy, Bourbon, and Armagnac until 1390, when it was reacquired for Burgundy by Philip the Bold. From the dukes of Burgundy, Charolais passed to the Spanish Habsburgs, who held it from 1500 until 1684, when it was ceded to the French Condé family. It was definitely united with France in 1761. Charolais long enjoyed administrative autonomy, having its own estates (assembly), which met every third year until 1751, when they were incorporated into the estates of Burgundy.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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