Charlestown

/chahrlz"town'/, n.
a former city in E Massachusetts: since 1874 a part of Boston; navy yard; battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775.

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      chief town and port on Nevis, an eastern Caribbean island in Saint Kitts and Nevis, on a bay on the western coast. It became the chief town after Jamestown, Nevis's first settlement, was inundated by a tidal wave in 1680. In the late 18th century Charlestown was both a naval base and a resort known for mineral waters. The town was almost destroyed by fire in 1873. The main industry is sugar milling. Notable buildings include Hamilton House, where Alexander Hamilton (Hamilton, Alexander), a framer of the U.S. Constitution, was born, and the nearby ruins of Montpelier Estate, where the British naval hero Horatio Nelson (Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount) was married. Pop. (1994) 1,411.

 section of Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. It is situated on a small peninsula between the estuaries of the Charles (Charles River) and Mystic rivers. The locality is dominated by several low hills, including the famous Bunker and Breed's hills. First settled in 1628, it originally comprised a large area, which was whittled away by the formation of new towns and cities until the remainder was finally annexed by Boston in 1874. Paul Revere (Revere, Paul) crossed to the Charlestown shore on the evening of April 18, 1775, to begin his famous ride to Lexington. The British army in Boston landed on that same shore on the morning of June 17, 1775, to be repulsed by the motley patriotic troops that had dug in on Breed's Hill. The American forces finally withdrew, leaving most of Charlestown a smoldering ruin. The nearby Bunker Hill Monument, a 221-foot (67-metre) granite obelisk, commemorates the battle (see also Bunker Hill, Battle of). Charlestown was the birthplace of Samuel F.B. Morse (Morse, Samuel F.B.), inventor of the telegraph, and contains the grave of John Harvard (Harvard, John), for whom Harvard University is named.

      The U.S. Navy (United States Navy, The) established one of its more important naval yards in Charlestown in 1800; it closed in 1974, and nearly one-third of its area was included in Boston National Historical Park. It is the berthing place of the Constitution (launched in 1797) and the World War II destroyer USS Cassin Young. In the late 1970s and early '80s, the remainder of the shipyard was redeveloped for residential and commercial use.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Charlestown — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten Charlestown (Indiana) Charlestown (Maryland) Charlestown (Massachusetts) Charlestown (New Hampshire) Charlestown (Rhode Island) Charlestown (Wisconsin) Charlestown (Boston), Stadtteil von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charlestown — puede referirse a: Estados Unidos Charlestown (Rhode Island) Charlestown (Indiana) Charlestown (Maryland) Charlestown (New Hampshire) Charlestown (Wisconsin) Reino Unido Charlestown (Cornwall) Charlestown (Derbyshire) Charlestown (Dorset) San… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charlestown — Charlestown, NH U.S. Census Designated Place in New Hampshire Population (2000): 1145 Housing Units (2000): 503 Land area (2000): 0.843420 sq. miles (2.184447 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.038722 sq. miles (0.100289 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Charlestown, IN — U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 5993 Housing Units (2000): 2489 Land area (2000): 2.331917 sq. miles (6.039637 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.331917 sq. miles (6.039637 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Charlestown, MD — U.S. town in Maryland Population (2000): 1019 Housing Units (2000): 451 Land area (2000): 0.905974 sq. miles (2.346463 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.320460 sq. miles (0.829987 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.226434 sq. miles (3.176450 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Charlestown, NH — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Hampshire Population (2000): 1145 Housing Units (2000): 503 Land area (2000): 0.843420 sq. miles (2.184447 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.038722 sq. miles (0.100289 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.882142 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Charlestown — (spr. Tschartstaun), 1) Stadt in der Grafschaft Middlesex des Staates Massachusetts (Vereinigte Staaten von Nordamerika), auf einer Halbinsel unmittelbar nördlich von Boston gelegen, u. mit diesem durch Brücken verbunden, von einer malerischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Charlestown — (spr. tscharlstaun), 1) Stadt im nordamerikan. Staat Massachusetts, bildet seit 1874 einen Teil von Boston (s.d. 2). – 2) Hauptort der Grafschaft Jefferson im nordamerikan. Staat Westvirginia, mit (1900) 2392 Einw. Hier wurde 2. Dez. 1859 der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charlestown — (spr. tschahrlstaun), Stadtteil Bostons (Massachusetts). Innerhalb desselben der Bunkershill (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charlestown — (Tschärlstaun), Stadt in Massachussets, Doppelstadt zu Boston, am Einflusse des Charlesriver in den Hafen von Boston, 25000 E., Schiffsbau, bedeutender Handel (s. Boston) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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