chapel

/chap"euhl/, n., v., chapeled, chapeling or (esp. Brit.) chapelled, chapelling, adj.
n.
1. a private or subordinate place of prayer or worship; oratory.
2. a separately dedicated part of a church, or a small independent churchlike edifice, devoted to special services.
3. a room or building for worship in an institution, palace, etc.
4. (in Great Britain) a place of worship for members of various dissenting Protestant churches, as Baptists or Methodists.
5. a separate place of public worship dependent on the church of a parish.
6. a religious service in a chapel: Don't be late for chapel!
7. a funeral home or the room in which funeral services are held.
8. a choir or orchestra of a chapel, court, etc.
9. a print shop or printing house.
10. an association of employees in a print shop for dealing with their interests, problems, etc.
v.t.
11. Naut. to maneuver (a sailing vessel taken aback) by the helm alone until the wind can be recovered on the original tack.
adj.
12. (in England) belonging to any of various dissenting Protestant sects.
[1175-1225; ME chapele < OF < LL cappella hooded cloak, equiv. to capp(a) (see CAP1) + -ella dim. suffix; first applied to the sanctuary where the cloak of St. Martin (4th-century bishop of Tours) was kept as a relic]

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      small, intimate place of worship. The name was originally applied to the shrine in which the kings of France preserved the cape (late Latin cappella, diminutive of cappa) of St. Martin. By tradition, this garment had been torn into two pieces by St. Martin of Tours (Martin of Tours, Saint) (c. 316–397) that he might share it with a ragged beggar; later Martin had a vision of Christ wearing the half cape, and it was preserved as a relic and carried about by the Frankish kings on their military campaigns. By extension, any sanctuary housing relics was called a chapel and the priest cappellanus, or chaplain. By a further extension, all places of worship that were not mother churches, including a large number of miscellaneous foundations, came to be known as chapels. Oratories (oratory), places of private worship attached to royal residences, also were termed chapels. Thus the Sainte Chapelle (1248), the palace chapel at Paris, was built by St. Louis IX to enshrine the relic of what was thought to be the Crown of Thorns, which he had brought from Constantinople. In the next century, other saintes chapelles were founded by princes of the French royal house at Bourges, Riom, and elsewhere.

      In the European Middle Ages the cult of the Virgin Mary was widespread, and by the close of the 14th century most major churches in western Europe had a Lady chapel (q.v.). Such extradevotional chapels were largely introduced by the religious orders, and secular clergy in parochial and cathedral churches quickly followed their example. In the 13th century many cathedrals and monastic churches were remodeled to embody a chevet, or semicircular range of radiating polygonal chapels, on the eastern wall. This plan was the standard for the great churches of the Île-de-France region, and it was reflected in England in the churches of Westminster and Canterbury.

      St. Sernin, at Toulouse, has no fewer than 17 pentagonal chapels, linked by narrow passages. The multiplication of chapels in the later Middle Ages stemmed from two innovations: the inclusion of the chantry, a special place of worship established by a donor for the singing of masses after his death, and the formation of numerous guilds (guild) or confraternities that built their own chapels in the town churches for corporate worship. The chapels of these guilds were arranged along each side of the nave, either enclosed by party walls inside the church or built out between the buttresses.

      A domestic chapel intended for private devotions may be attached to a house, college, or other building or institution and is sometimes called an oratory. Thus, the Sistine Chapel is the private chapel of the Vatican, and St. George's Chapel, Windsor, is the private chapel of Windsor Castle, Berkshire.

      In modern times a chapel is generally speaking a subordinate house of worship auxiliary to or parallel with a church.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chapel — • When St. Martin divided his military cloak (cappa) and gave half to the beggar at the gate of Amiens, he wrapped the other half round his shoulders, thus making of it a cape (capella). This cape, or its representative, was afterwards preserved… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chapel — Chap el, n. [OF. chapele, F. chapelle, fr. LL. capella, orig., a short cloak, hood, or cowl; later, a reliquary, sacred vessel, chapel; dim. of cappa, capa, cloak, cape, cope; also, a covering for the head. The chapel where St. Martin s cloak was …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chapel — ist Chapel (Programmiersprache) der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Chapel (Missouri) Chapel (Pennsylvania) Chapel (West Virginia) Chapel Manor (Indiana) Chapel Oaks (Maryland) Chapel Ridge (Wisconsin) Chapel Village (Virginia) der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chapel No. 1 — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • chapel — (del fr. antig. «chapel»; ant.) m. Chapelete. * * * chapel. (Del fr. ant. chapel). m. ant. Cobertura de la cabeza, a modo de sombrero o bonete …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • chapel — [chap′əl] n. [ME & OFr chapelle < ML cappella, dim. of cappa, cape < LL: orig., sanctuary in which the cappa or cope of St. Martin was preserved; then, any sanctuary] 1. a place of Christian worship subordinate to and smaller than a church… …   English World dictionary

  • Chapel — Chap el, v. t. 1. To deposit or inter in a chapel; to enshrine. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster] 2. (Naut.) To cause (a ship taken aback in a light breeze) so to turn or make a circuit as to recover, without bracing the yards, the same tack on… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chapel — (n.) early 13c., from O.Fr. chapele (12c., Mod.Fr. chapelle), from M.L. cappella chapel, sanctuary for relics, lit. little cape, dim. of L.L. cappa cape (see CAP (Cf. cap)); by tradition, originally in reference to the sanctuary in France in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • chapel — (Del fr. ant. chapel). m. ant. Cobertura de la cabeza, a modo de sombrero o bonete …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • chapel — ► NOUN 1) a small building for Christian worship, typically one attached to an institution or private house. 2) a part of a large church with its own altar and dedication. 3) Brit. a place of worship for Nonconformist congregations. 4) Brit. the… …   English terms dictionary

  • Chapel — (engl., spr. tschäppel), Kapelle; in England jede Kirche, die einer Dissidentengemeinde gehört …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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