/sham payn"/, n.
1. level, open country; plain.
2. Obs. a battlefield.
3. level and open: champaign fields.
[1350-1400; ME champai(g)ne < MF champa(i)gne < L campania; see CAMPAIGN]

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 city, Champaign county, east-central Illinois, U.S. Lying about 135 miles (220 km) southwest of Chicago, it adjoins Urbana (east), with which it shares the main campus of the University of Illinois (Illinois, University of). The cities are often called Champaign-Urbana. In 1854 Illinois Central Railroad tracks were laid and a depot built 2 miles (3 km) west of Urbana. In 1855 a bill incorporating Urbana included the depot within its limits, but citizens of the depot area fought successfully to remain separate. The settlement around the depot was known as West Urbana, and in 1860 it was renamed for the county (which in 1833 had derived its name from Champaign county, Ohio).

      The University of Illinois (founded in 1867) is the community's chief economic asset, but agriculture (mainly corn [maize] and soybeans), food processing, distribution, high-technology industries, and manufacturing (plastics, ceramics, and office supplies) are also important. Parkland (community) College was founded in 1966. The area features several museums, including those devoted to natural history, art, and science. The 900-acre (360-hectare) Lake of the Woods Forest Preserve is in Mahomet, 10 miles (16 km) northwest. Inc. 1860. Pop. (1990) city, 63,502; Champaign-Urbana MSA, 173,025; (2000) city, 67,518; Champaign-Urbana MSA, 179,669.

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Universalium. 2010.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Champaign — ist eine Stadt in den Vereinigten Staaten: Champaign (Illinois), bekannt durch die University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign der Name zweier Countys in den Vereinigten Staaten: Champaign County (Illinois) Champaign County (Ohio) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Champaign — Cham*paign , n. [OF. champaigne; same word as campagne.] A flat, open country. [1913 Webster] Fair champaign, with less rivers interveined. Milton. [1913 Webster] Through Apline vale or champaign wide. Wordsworth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Champaign — Champaign, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 67518 Housing Units (2000): 28556 Land area (2000): 16.987175 sq. miles (43.996580 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.022970 sq. miles (0.059492 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.010145 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Champaign, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 67518 Housing Units (2000): 28556 Land area (2000): 16.987175 sq. miles (43.996580 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.022970 sq. miles (0.059492 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.010145 sq. miles (44.056072 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Champaign — [sham pān′] [after Champaign county, in which it is located: so called for its flat land: see CHAMPAIGN] city in EC Ill.: pop. 68,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Champaign — Cham*paign , a. Flat; open; level. [1913 Webster] A wide, champaign country, filled with herds. Addison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • champaign — [sham pān′] n. [ME champain < OFr champaigne: see CAMPAIGN] a broad plain; flat, open country adj. of or like a champaign …   English World dictionary

  • Champaign — (spr. Tschangpänj), 1) Grafschaft[857] im Staate Ohio (Vereinigte Staaten von Nordamerika), 18 QM.; Flüsse: Mad River u. Buck Creek; Boden theils hügelig, theils eben, überall außerordentlich fruchtbar; Producte: Mais, Weizen, Hafer, Gerste; die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Champaign — (spr. schǟmpēn), Stadt in der gleichnamigen Grafschaft des nordamerikan. Staates Illinois, hat ein Frauenseminar, Fabriken u. (1900) 9098 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • champaign — (n.) open country, plain, c.1400, from O.Fr. champagne country, countryside, from L. campania plain, level country, especially that near Rome (see CAMPAIGN (Cf. campaign) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Champaign — localisation de Champaign dans le comté de Champaign en Illinois …   Wikipédia en Français

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