(Giacinto Bobone)died 1198, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1191-98.
* * *▪ popeoriginal name Giacinto Bobone , or Bobo-Orsiniborn c. 1106, Rome, Papal States [Italy]died Jan. 8, 1198, Romepope from 1191 to 1198.He was Peter Abélard (Abelard, Peter)'s student and friend, and he carried out many important legations in Germany, Spain, and Portugal; St. Thomas Becket (Becket, Saint Thomas) considered him his most reliable friend at the Roman Curia. He had been cardinal deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Italy, for 47 years when, on March 30, 1191, at the age of 85, he was elected as the first member of the Roman Orsini family to become pope. On the eve of his consecration he was ordained priest (April 13), and the day after his consecration he crowned King Henry VI of Germany as Holy Roman emperor.Celestine's pontificate was overshadowed by the spectacular successes of Henry, who not only ignored the fact that Sicily had been a vassal of the Holy See but, contrary to a treaty between the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and Pope Clement III, also failed to restore the full extent of the Papal States to Celestine. Despite the anxiety that the emperor's ambitious projects caused the pope, he never excommunicated him, not even when Henry imprisoned the returning crusader-king of England, Richard I the Lion-Heart. Celestine weakly supported Henry's crusade, which would probably have led to a Latin conquest of the Byzantine Empire earlier than it occurred. In his 90s, Celestine sought to abdicate at the end of 1197, but the cardinals refused his request. Nonetheless, Celestine died soon after, and Henry died within a few months of the pope. Celestine's conciliatory and temporizing policy toward Henry was probably caused not by senile weakness, as has been asserted, but rather by moderation and patience.
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Celestine III — Pope Celestine III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Celestine III (GIACINTO BOBONE) The first of the Roman Orsini to ascend the Chair of Peter, b. about 1106; d. at Rome, 8 January, 1198. He was forty seven years a Cardinal when, in … Catholic encyclopedia
Celestine III — (Giacinto Bobone) died 1198, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1191 98 … Useful english dictionary
Celestine III, Pope — • The first Orsini pope (b. 1106) who reigned 1191 1198 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Celestine III — Pope Celestine III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Celestine III (GIACINTO BOBONE) The first of the Roman Orsini to ascend the Chair of Peter, b. about 1106; d. at Rome, 8 January, 1198. He was forty seven years a Cardinal when, in … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Celestine III — Infobox Pope English name=Celestine III birth name=Giacinto Bobone term start=March 30, 1191 term end=January 8, 1198 predecessor=Clement III successor=Innocent III birth date= ca. 1106 birthplace= Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… … Wikipedia
Celestine — may refer to:*Five Popes of the Roman Catholic Church: ** Pope Celestine I (422 ndash;432) ** Pope Celestine II (1143 ndash;1144) ** Pope Celestine III (1191 ndash;1198) ** Pope Celestine IV (1241) ** Pope Celestine V (1294)*Other uses: **… … Wikipedia
Celestine IV — Pope Celestine IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Celestine IV (GOFREDO CASTIGLIONI.) A native of Milan, nephew of Urban III, and probably a Cistercian; died 10 November, 1241. He was made … Catholic encyclopedia
Celestine V, Saint — ▪ pope original name Pietro Da Morrone, or Pietro Del Murrone born 1215, Isernia?, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies died May 19, 1296, near Ferentino, Papal States; canonized May 5, 1313; feast day May 19 pope from July 5 to Dec. 13, 1294,… … Universalium
Célestine Galli-Marié — Galli Marié was the original Carmen, photo by Félix Nadar. Célestine Galli Marié (November 1840 – 22 September 1905) was a French mezzo soprano most famous for creating the title role in the opera Carmen. … Wikipedia
Celestine IV — (Godfrey Castiglione) died 1241, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1241. * * * ▪ pope original name Goffredo Castiglioni born , Milan [Italy] died Nov. 10, 1241 pope from October 25 to Nov. 10, 1241. The nephew of Pope Urban III, Celestine … Universalium