cationic detergent

any of a class of synthetic compounds, as benzalkonium chloride, whose cations are colloidal in solution: used as antiseptics, wetting agents, and emulsifiers. Also called invert soap.
[1960-65]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cationic detergent — noun Any detergent in which the lipophilic part of the molecule is an cation; examples include long chain quaternary ammonium compounds …   Wiktionary

  • cationic detergent — noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the surface active part of the molecule is the cation • Syn: ↑invert soap • Hypernyms: ↑detergent • Hyponyms: ↑cetrimide * * * noun : any of a class of synthetic detergents usually consisting… …   Useful english dictionary

  • detergent — /di terr jeuhnt/, n. 1. any of a group of synthetic, organic, liquid or water soluble cleaning agents that, unlike soap, are not prepared from fats and oils, are not inactivated by hard water, and have wetting agent and emulsifying agent… …   Universalium

  • Detergent — For the band, see The Detergents. Detergents A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions. [1] In common usage, detergent refers to alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are… …   Wikipedia

  • detergent — 1. Cleansing. 2. A cleansing or purging agent, usually salts of long chain aliphatic bases or acids ( e.g., quaternary ammonium or sulfonic acid compounds) which, through a surface action that depends on their possessing both hydrophilic and… …   Medical dictionary

  • detergent — /dəˈtɜdʒənt / (say duh terjuhnt) adjective 1. cleansing; purging. –noun 2. a. any cleaning agent, including soap. b. one of a group of synthetic, organic cleaning agents with surface active properties; it may be cationic, anionic, or non ionic …   Australian English dictionary

  • soap and detergent — ▪ chemical compound Introduction       substances that, when dissolved in water, possess the ability to remove dirt (detergent) from surfaces such as the human skin, textiles, and other solids. The seemingly simple process of cleaning a soiled… …   Universalium

  • Laundry detergent — Laundry powder Laundry detergent, or washing powder, is a substance that is a type of detergent (cleaning agent) that is added for cleaning laundry. In common usage, detergent refers to mixtures of chemical compounds including… …   Wikipedia

  • nonionic detergent — noun : any of a class of synthetic detergents (as long chain ether derivatives or esters of alcohols or phenols) that are neither anionic nor cationic but produce electrically neutral colloidal particles in solution * * * /non uy on ik/ a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • invert soap — noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the surface active part of the molecule is the cation • Syn: ↑cationic detergent • Hypernyms: ↑detergent • Hyponyms: ↑cetrimide * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

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