catholicos

/keuh thol"i keuhs, -kos'/, n., pl. catholicoses, catholicoi /-koy'/.
1. (often cap.) Eastern Ch.
a. any of the heads of certain autocephalous churches.
b. (in some autocephalous churches) a primate subject to a patriarch and having authority over metropolitans.
2. (in the early Christian church) the head of monasteries in the same city.
[1615-25; < LGk katholikós, n. use of Gk adj.; see CATHOLIC]

* * *

▪ Greek religious title

      (“universal” bishop), in Eastern Christian Churches, title of certain ecclesiastical superiors. In earlier times the designation had occasionally been used, like archimandrite and exarch, for a superior abbot; but the title eventually came to denote a bishop who, while head of a major church, was still in some way dependent on his patriarch. The titles catholicos and patriarch later became synonymous and were both applied to the heads of the Armenian, Nestorian (Assyrian), and Georgian churches. In the Armenian Church (Armenian Apostolic Church) there are two catholicoi: the supreme catholicos of Ejmiadzin and the catholicos of Sis. The title catholicos patriarch is also used by the primates of the Armenian Catholic Church and the Chaldean Church.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Catholicos — (plural Catholicoi ) is a title used by the Patriarch (head/regional head bishop) of any of certain Eastern churches. The word is a transliteration of the Greek καθολικός , pl. καθολικοί , meaning concerning the whole , universal or general .A… …   Wikipedia

  • Catholicos — • The ecclesiastical title of the Nestorian and Armenian patriarchs Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Catholicos     Catholicos     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Catholicos — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Catholicós (del griego Καθολικος) título de la autoridad máxima en algunas Iglesias orientales. En algunos casos (por ejemplo nestorianos y os georgianos), el termino significa lo mismo que patriarca. En otros casos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Catholicos — Ca*thol i*cos, n. [NL. See {Catholic}.] (Eccl.) The spiritual head of the Armenian church, who resides at Etchmiadzin, Russia, and has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over, and consecrates the holy oil for, the Armenians of Russia, Turkey, and Persia …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • catholicos — ● catholicos nom masculin Titre porté par certains chefs religieux des Églises chrétiennes orientales …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Catholicos — Le titre de catholicos est un titre équivalent à celui de patriarche porté par des dignitaires de plusieurs Églises orthodoxes orientales, notamment les Églises de la tradition nestorienne et les Églises monophysites, en particulier l Église… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Catholicos — A term of Greek origin signifying general, or universal, and used as a title given to high ranking secular officials, and later on as an honorary title for certain ecclesiastical dignitaries ranking below a patriarch but above a metropolitan. On… …   Dictionary of church terms

  • catholicos — noun (plural catholicoses or catholicoi) Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Late Greek katholikos, from Greek, general Date: 1878 a primate of certain Eastern churches and especially of the Armenian or of the Nestorian church …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • catholicos — noun The patriarch of the Armenian Apostolic Church …   Wiktionary

  • catholicos — primate of Armenian or Nestorian church Ecclesiastical Terms …   Phrontistery dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.