/kat'euh mahr"keuh/; Sp. /kah'tah mahrdd"kah/, n.
a city in N Argentina. 88,432.

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also called  San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca 

      city, capital of Catamarca provincia (province), northwestern Argentina, on the Río del Valle de Catamarca, a river between the two south-pointing spurs of the Andean peaks of Ambato and Ancasti. Originally named Londres, it was founded by the explorer Juan Pérez de Zurita (1559) in the Valle de Quinmivil. Following various moves due to hostile Indians, Catamarca was established in 1694 on its present site (a sheltered, fertile valley) by the provincial governor, Bartolomé de Castro. The economy is basically agricultural and includes the production and processing of grapes, alfalfa, cotton, cereals, hides, and meat. Tourism has increased because of a mild winter climate, outstanding scenery, and hot springs in the nearby mountains. The city is known for its handwoven woolen ponchos. Several colonial buildings survive, including the Church of the Virgin of the Valley (1694; a pilgrimage centre declared a national monument in 1941) and a Franciscan convent (1694). The city has an art gallery and a museum of fine arts. Pop. (2001) 140,741.

      provincia (province), northwestern Argentina, separated from Chile by the Andes Mountains. The province is generally mountainous with intermontane tablelands and valleys (some fertile, others completely arid). The sandy desert on the west side of the Aconquija Mountains is referred to as the Argentine Sahara.

      The region constituted part of the Inca Empire after the 12th century, and pottery relics are still found. Spaniards, who settled the area in the 16th century, were subjects of the viceroyalty of Peru. For many years after liberation from Spain (1816), the caudillos (military strong men) of the Catamarca region and their gaucho armies resisted the Buenos Aires government. Wealthy landowners continued to have an independent spirit, and in 1946 Pres. Juan Perón, to suppress local criticism, deposed the provincial governor and installed a nominee of his own. In 1943, when the northern national territory of Los Andes was divided, the department of Antofagasta de la Sierra was incorporated into Catamarca.

      Scarcity of water has hindered agricultural development; irrigation, supporting mainly alfalfa, vineyards, olive and walnut groves, and cattle, provides only a partial remedy. Tungsten and mica are mined. The province's virtual isolation accounts for a retention of traditions and has encouraged tourism. The provincial capital, Catamarca, has rail and bus transportation facilities. Area 39,615 square miles (102,602 square km). Pop. (2001) 334,568.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Catamarca — bezeichnet: eine Provinz in Argentinien, siehe Catamarca (Provinz) eine Stadt in Argentinien, mit vollem Namen San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca den Zerstörer Catamarca (D 1) der argentinischen Marine (Stapellauf 1911) Diese Seite ist ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Catamarca — can refer to:*San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca, Argentina *Catamarca Province, Argentina …   Wikipedia

  • Catamarca — es el nombre de: ● la provincia argentina de Catamarca; ● su capital, San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca. * * * ► Prov. del NO de Argentina, separada de Chile por los Andes; 100 967 km2 y 232 523 h. Cap., la c. homónima (88 593 h). Territorio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Catamarca — Sp Katamárka Ap Catamarca Sp Sán Fernándo del Válje de Katamárka Ap San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca L Argentinos Katamarkos p jos centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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