- /ka steel"/, n.1. Spanish, Castilla /kahs tee"lyah, -yah/. a former kingdom comprising most of Spain.2. Also called Castile soap. a variety of mild soap, made from olive oil and sodium hydroxide.3. any hard soap made from fats and oils, often partly from olive oil.
* * *ITraditional region, peninsular Spain.Comprising several modern provinces, its northern part is called Old Castile and its southern part New Castile. Castilian territory was united under León by Fernán González in the 10th century. Though it separated from León in the 12th century, it was reunited with it by Ferdinand III in 1230. The Spanish part of the kingdom of Navarra was annexed by Castile in 1512, thus completing the formation of modern Spain. Castile remains Spain's centre of political and administrative power. See also Castile-León; Castile–La Mancha.II(as used in expressions)Castile LeónCastilla la ManchaCastilla y León
* * *traditional central region constituting more than one-quarter of the area of peninsular Spain. Castile's northern part is called Old Castile and the southern part is called New Castile. The region formed the core of the Kingdom of Castile, under which Spain was united in the late 15th and early 16th centuries.The name Castile—meaning “land of castles”—is first known to have been used in about AD 800, when it was applied to a small district at the foot of the Cantabrian Mountains in the extreme north of the modern province of Burgos. Castile expanded during the 9th century but remained a fragmented collection of petty counties, whose rulers were nominated by the kings of Asturias and Leon, until the counties were united by Fernán González (d. 970), the first count of all Castile. With him the political history of Castile begins. He made the new county hereditary in his family and thus secured it a measure of autonomy under the kings of Leon. In his time the capital of the county was established at Burgos and there was expansion southward into Moorish territory. Under the counts García Fernández (d. 1005) and Sancho García (d. 1017), Castilian territory reached to the Douro (Duero) River. Relations with the kings of Leon, still nominally the suzerains of Castile, were frequently bad.In 1029 Sancho III the (Sancho III Garcés) Great of Navarre, the son of a Castilian mother, detached Castile from Leon and on his death (1035) awarded it to his second son, who was the first to assume the title of king of Castile, as Ferdinand I (1037–65). Later, Castile was again united with Leon (1072–1157), but thereafter the two kingdoms again separated. The political and military hegemony of Castile over Leon was established by Alfonso VIII of Castile, who forced the king of Leon to do homage to him (1188). By then Castilian rule extended far south of the Tagus River and eastward to the modern frontiers of Aragon. The Leonese kings, however, never accepted Castile's suzerainty, and Alfonso IX of Leon consequently refused to support the Castilian king Alfonso in his wars against the Islāmic Berber dynasty of the Almohads. Thus, Castilian pursuit of its political hegemony over Leon served to weaken the Christian front against the Muslims. In 1230 Ferdinand III, already king of Castile, succeeded to the Leonese throne and both crowns were finally united under Castilian leadership. Meanwhile, the Muslim kingdom of Toledo in Spain had been annexed by Castile in 1085, and, by the middle of the 12th century, Castilian political hegemony in Spain was an accomplished fact. European courts in the later Middle Ages frequently identified Castile with Hispania (Spain). The final Christian conquest of most of Moorish-held Andalusia, in the extreme south, was carried out in the time of Ferdinand (Ferdinand I) III.An attempt in 1383–85 by Castile to annex Portugal by force failed, but in 1412 a Castilian prince, Ferdinand I, was successfully placed on the Aragonese throne, partly as a result of Castilian financial support and military force. This move foreshadowed the personal union of the two crowns under Ferdinand and Isabella (1479). The Spanish part of the Kingdom of Navarre (Navarra) was annexed by Castile in 1512, thus completing the formation of modern Spain.The literary language of Spain after its unification was the Castilian vernacular, and the centre of political and administrative power in Spain has since always been Castile. The Spanish culture transmitted to Latin America was also largely Castilian. Nevertheless, opposition to Castile's political hegemony from the other regions, which enjoyed complete or partial independence in the Middle Ages, remains strong. It continues to be a live issue, especially since Spain's centres of industrial strength lie largely outside Castile, whose geography has made it an economically backward area. It has been claimed, with some exaggeration, that medieval Castile was a more progressive kingdom than its neighbours, with a more developed sense of unity and national destiny. Its dominant role in Spanish history may well have stemmed from the superior martial spirit and military organization of its people.
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Castile — or Castilia or Castilla may refer to:;Places in Spain *Castile (historical region), an overview of the former kingdom, culture, and land that gradually merged with its neighbors to become the Kingdom of Spain *Old Castile, the northern region of… … Wikipedia
Castile — Castile, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1051 Housing Units (2000): 458 Land area (2000): 1.351435 sq. miles (3.500200 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.351435 sq. miles (3.500200… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Castile, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1051 Housing Units (2000): 458 Land area (2000): 1.351435 sq. miles (3.500200 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.351435 sq. miles (3.500200 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Castile — [käs tēl′yäkas tēl′] region & former kingdom in N and central Spain: gained autonomy in 10th cent. & united with León, & later with Aragon (15th cent.), & became the nucleus of the Spanish monarchy: traditionally divided between Old Castile, to… … English World dictionary
castile — soap (mild cleaning agent originally made in Castile, Spain from olive oil and sodium hydroxide) … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Castile — medieval Spanish county and later kingdom, from V.L. castilla, from L. castella, pl. of castellum (see CASTLE (Cf. castle)); so called in reference to the many forts there during the Moorish wars. The name in Spanish is said to date back to c.800 … Etymology dictionary
Castile — noun a) A medieval kingdom (or county) in the Iberian Peninsula. b) A vaguely defined region of central Spain. See Also: Castile soap, C … Wiktionary
CASTILE — a central district of Spain, divided by the mountains of Castile into Old Castile (1,800) in the N., and New Castile (3,500) in the S.: the former consisting of a high bare plateau, bounded by mountains on the N. and on the S., with a variable … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Castile — or Spanish Castilla geographical name region & ancient kingdom central & N Spain divided by the Sierra de Guadarrama into regions & old provinces of Old Castile (or Spanish Castilla la Vieja) (to the N, capital Burgos) & New Castile (or Spanish… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Castile — /kæsˈtil/ (say kas teel) noun 1. a former kingdom comprising most of Spain; united with the kingdom of Aragon in the 15th century to form basis of modern Spain. Spanish, Castilla. 2. See Castile y León. 3. See Castile La Mancha … Australian English dictionary