- /kas'ee euh dawr"euhs, -dohr"-/, n.Flavius Magnus Aurelius, died A.D. 575, Roman statesman and writer.
* * *in full Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorusborn 490, Scylletium, Bruttium, kingdom of the Ostrogothsdied с 585, Vivarium Monastery, near ScylletiumHistorian, statesman, and monk who helped preserve Roman culture after the collapse of the Roman Empire.He was secretary to Theodoric and later held other high imperial offices. Soon after 540 he founded a monastery to perpetuate the culture of Rome. He collected pagan and Christian manuscripts and had the monks copy them, establishing a practice continued in later centuries. His own works included the Chronicon, a history of mankind to 519; De anima, on the soul after death; and Institutiones divinarum et saecularium litterarum, on the study of scripture and the seven liberal arts.
* * *in full Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorusborn AD 490, , Scylletium, Bruttium, kingdom of the Ostrogoths [now Squillace, Italy]died c. 585, Vivarium Monastery, near Scylletiumhistorian, statesman, and monk who helped to save the culture of Rome at a time of impending barbarism.During the period of the Ostrogothic kings in Italy, Cassiodorus was quaestor (507–511), consul in 514, and, at the death of Theodoric in 526, magister officiorum (“chief of the civil service”). Under Athalaric he became praetorian prefect in 533. Not long after 540 he retired and founded a monastery named Vivarium, to perpetuate the culture of Rome. Cassiodorus was neither a great writer nor a great scholar, but his importance in the history of Western culture can hardly be overestimated. He collected manuscripts and enjoined his monks to copy the works of pagan as well as Christian authors; to this is due the preservation of many ancient authors' writings, for his monastery set an example that was followed elsewhere in later centuries.His works fall into two groups: (1) historical and political and (2) theological and grammatical. In the first category are the Variae, 12 books published in or not much later than 537, which contain, as models of style, 468 official letters and documents that Cassiodorus composed in the names of Theodoric, Athalaric, Theodat, and Vitiges, as well as the edicts he issued as praetorian prefect; and the Chronicon (519), a history of mankind from Adam to 519. Among the second grouping of his works are De anima, which is mainly concerned with the nature of the soul and life after death, and the Institutiones divinarum et saecularium litterarum, which is perhaps the most important of his works. Written for his monks, the first part discusses the study of scripture and touches on the Christian fathers and historians. The second part, widely used in the Middle Ages, gives a brief exposition of the seven liberal arts, a kind of encyclopaedia of pagan learning regarded as indispensable for understanding the Bible. The De orthographia, a compilation made by Cassiodorus in his 93rd year from the works of eight grammarians, is valuable because it contains extracts from works now lost. His De artibus ac disciplinis liberalium litterarum contains one of the principal sources of early medieval music theory, Institutiones musicae.
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Cassiodorus — • Roman writer, statesman, and monk, b. about 490; d. about 583 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cassiodorus Cassiodorus † … Catholic encyclopedia
Cassiodōrus — Cassiodōrus, Magnus Aurelius, geb. in Scyllacium nach 460; wurde 514 unter Odoacer Consul, bekleidete dann die höchsten Würden unter Anastasius, Justinus u. Iustinianus u. war zuletzt Secretär bei dem Ostgothenkönig Theodorich; er ging um 539 in… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Cassiodōrus — Cassiodōrus, Flavius Magnus Aurelius C. Senator, hoher Staatsbeamter unter der Gotenherrschaft in Italien und fruchtbarer Schriftsteller, geb. um 480, gest. um 580 n. Chr., aus angesehener Familie. Die Gunst, in der sein Vater bei Theoderich… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Cassiodorus — Cassiodōrus (Cassiodorĭus), Magnus Aurelius, röm. Gelehrter und Staatsmann, geb. um 480 n. Chr. zu Scyllacium in Bruttien, hoher Beamter unter dem Ostgotenkönig Theodorich und dessen Nachfolgern, gest. um 575; seine theol. und enzyklopäd.… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Cassiodorus — Cassiodorus, Magnus Aurelius, geb. um 470 zu Scyllacium (Squillace in Calabrien), aus einem sehr edlen und begüterten Hause, wurde von König Dietrich (Theodorich) dem Ostgothen in seine Dienste genommen und stieg bis zum Reichskanzler; er war… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Cassiodorus — Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator (c. 485 – c. 585), commonly known as Cassiodorus, was a Roman statesman and writer, serving in the administration of Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths.… … Wikipedia
Cassiodorus — (c. 490 c. 585) One of the great scholars of late antiquity, Cassiodorus, in full Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus, wrote one of the most influential works on later barbarian Europe and, like, the senator and scholar Boethius, was an… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe
Cassiodorus — Cassiodor (* um 485 in Scylaceum, Bruttien; † um 580 im Kloster Vivarium bei Scylaceum), mit vollständigem Namen Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator, war ein spätantiker römischer Staatsmann, Gelehrter und Schriftsteller.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cassiodorus, S. (1) — 1S. Cassiodorus, M. (14. Sept.). Aus dem Griech. = Geschenk des Cassius oder Armengabe. – Dieser hl. Cassiodorus war ein Martyrer zu S. Marco in Calabrien. S. S. Senator … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Cassiodorus — biographical name Flavius Magnus Aurelius circa 490 circa 585 Roman statesman & author … New Collegiate Dictionary