carriage

/kar"ij/; for 9 also /kar"ee ij/, n.
1. a wheeled vehicle for conveying persons, as one drawn by horses and designed for comfort and elegance.
3. Brit. a railway passenger coach.
4. a wheeled support, as for a cannon.
5. a movable part, as of a machine, designed for carrying something.
6. manner of carrying the head and body; bearing: the carriage of a soldier.
7. Also called carriage piece, horse. an inclined beam, as a string, supporting the steps of a stair.
8. the act of transporting; conveyance: the expenses of carriage.
9. the price or cost of transportation.
10. (in a typewriter) the moving part carrying the platen and its associated parts, usually set in motion to carry the paper across the point where the print element or type bars strike.
11. management; administration.
[1150-1200; ME cariage < AF, ONF, equiv. to cari(er) to CARRY + -age -AGE]
Syn. 1. cart, car, wagon. 6. mien, comportment, demeanor, air.

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Four-wheeled, horse-drawn vehicle, mainly for private passenger use.

It was the final refinement of the horse-drawn passenger conveyance, having developed from the wagon, chariot, and coach. Light carriages with enhanced suspension for added comfort had been developed by the 17th century. A variety of carriages were common in the 19th century, including the brougham and the buggy. Carriage manufacturers provided the very similar early designs for automobile bodies.

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  four-wheeled, horse-drawn vehicle, the final refinement of the horse-drawn passenger conveyance. Wagons were also used for this purpose, as were chariots. By the 13th century the chariot had evolved into a four-wheeled form, unlike the earlier two-wheeled version most often associated with the Romans. In the 14th century the passenger coach form of vehicle began to evolve. Coaches featured a rear set of wheels much larger than the front set and, therefore, a shaped body. This provided greater passenger comfort despite its lighter construction and made it possible for it to be pulled by a single horse. These vehicles were first made in Hungary and by the 16th century were in use throughout western Europe. They came to be used in place of the heavier chariots for state processionals and as the general transportation of the upper classes.

  By the 17th century, heavier vehicles had evolved, including the omnibus, to be pulled by teams of horses over long distances. At the same time, lighter vehicles designed for style and speed were also developed, and the suspension of all such vehicles was gradually enhanced by the addition of steel springs and leather braces. Some of these carriages were further improved by being enclosed with wood, glass, and cloth. In the 18th and 19th centuries a wide variety of carriage types were in common use. In the United States the stagecoach became familiar as a means of public transportation. In Europe the cabriolet, a two-wheeled vehicle, was used for this purpose. Much of the construction and form of the carriage could be seen in the automobiles that came into use in the early part of the 20th century.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • carriage — car‧riage [ˈkærɪdʒ] noun [uncountable] 1. COMMERCE TRANSPORT when goods are moved by vehicle from one place to another; = FREIGHT: • The receipts for carriage of timber have formed an important proportion of revenue. 2 …   Financial and business terms

  • Carriage — Car riage, n. [OF. cariage luggage, carriage, chariage carriage, cart, baggage, F. charriage, cartage, wagoning, fr. OF. carier, charier, F. charrier, to cart. See {Carry}.] 1. That which is carried; burden; baggage. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] David… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carriage — [kar′ij; ] for 2, usually [ kar′ē ij΄] n. [ME cariage, baggage, transport < Anglo Fr, cart, carriage < carier, CARRY] 1. the act of carrying; transportation 2. the cost of carrying; transportation charge 3. Archaic a) management or handling …   English World dictionary

  • carriage — I noun affreightment, airfreight, carrying, cartage, conveyance, drayage, portage, porterage, shipment, shipping, transfer, transference, translocation, transportation, transshipment, truckage, vehiculum associated concepts: affreightment,… …   Law dictionary

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  • Carriage — A carriage is a wheeled vehicle for people, usually horse drawn. It is especially designed for private passenger use and for comfort or elegance, though some are also used to transport goods. It may be light, smart and fast or heavy, large and… …   Wikipedia

  • carriage — 01. We put the children in the [carriage] and took them down to the park for a picnic. 02. We took a horse drawn [carriage] through the old town. 03. The young woman sadly waved goodbye as the railway [carriage] slowly pulled away from the… …   Grammatical examples in English

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  • carriage — [[t]kæ̱rɪʤ[/t]] carriages 1) N COUNT: also by N A carriage is an old fashioned vehicle, usually for a small number of passengers, which is pulled by horses. The President elect followed in an open carriage drawn by six beautiful gray horses. 2) N …   English dictionary

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