carob

/kar"euhb/, n.
1. a Mediterranean tree, Ceratonia siliqua, of the legume family, bearing long, leathery pods containing hard seeds and sweet, edible pulp.
2. Also called St. John's-bread, algarroba, locust bean. the pod of this tree, the source of various foodstuffs, including a substitute for chocolate, as well as substances having several industrial uses, and sometimes used as food for animals.
3. a powder made from the ground pods and seeds of this tree and used in cooking, esp. as a substitute for chocolate.
[1540-50; < MF carobe < ML carrubium < Ar kharrub bean-pods, carobs]

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Leguminous evergreen tree (Ceratonia siliqua) native to the eastern Mediterranean region and cultivated elsewhere.

It is sometimes known as locust, or St. John's bread, in the belief that the "locusts" on which John the Baptist fed were carob pods. The tree, about 50 ft (15 m) tall, bears compound, glossy leaves with thick leaflets. Its red flowers are followed by flat, leathery pods that contain 5–15 hard brown seeds embedded in a sweet, edible pulp that tastes similar to chocolate.

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      (Ceratonia siliqua), tree of the pea family (Fabaceae), native to the eastern Mediterranean region and cultivated elsewhere. It is sometimes known as locust, or St. John's bread, in the belief that the “locusts” on which John the Baptist fed were carob pods. The tree, about 15 metres (50 feet) tall, has pinnately compound (feather-formed), glossy evergreen leaves with thick leaflets. It has red flowers followed by flat, leathery pods 7.5–30 centimetres (3–12 inches) long. The pods contain 5 to 15 hard brown seeds embedded in a sweet, edible pulp.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carob — Car ob, n. [Cf. F. caroube fruit of the carob tree, Sp. garrobo, al garrobo, carob tree, fr. Ar. kharr[=u]b, Per. Kharn[=u]b. Cf. {Clgaroba}.] 1. (Bot.) An evergreen leguminous tree ({Ceratania Siliqua}) found in the countries bordering the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CAROB — (Heb. חָרוּב, ḥaruv), the tree Ceratonia siliqua. Though not mentioned in the Bible it presumably existed in Ereẓ Israel in biblical times, as is indicated by its Hebrew name and by the fact that it grows wild in the Mediterranean regions of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • carob — (n.) 1540s, from Fr. carobe, ultimately from Arabic kharrub locust bean pod (also in Pers. khirnub), from Assyrian kharubu …   Etymology dictionary

  • carob — ► NOUN ▪ the edible brownish purple pod of an Arabian tree, from which a powder is extracted for use as a substitute for chocolate. ORIGIN Old French carobe, from Arabic …   English terms dictionary

  • carob — [kar′əb] n. [Fr caroube < ML carrubia < Ar kharrub, bean pod < Aram khārūbā < Assyr kharūbu] 1. a leguminous tree (Ceratonia siliqua) of the E Mediterranean, bearing long, flat, leathery, brown pods with a sweet pulp 2. such a pod,… …   English World dictionary

  • Carob — Johannisbrotbaum Johannisbrotbaum (Ceratonia siliqua) Systematik Unterklasse: Rosenähnliche (Rosidae) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carob — [[t]kæ̱rəb[/t]] carobs 1) N COUNT A carob or carob tree is a Mediterranean tree that stays green all year round. It has dark brown fruit that tastes similar to chocolate. 2) N UNCOUNT: oft N n The dark brown fruit of the carob tree can be… …   English dictionary

  • carob — car·ob kar əb n 1) a Mediterranean evergreen leguminous tree (Ceratonia siliqua) with racemose red flowers 2) a carob pod also its sweet pulp * * * car·ob (karґəb) [Ar. al kharrubah] 1. Ceratonia siliqua. 2. the finely pulverized meal of the …   Medical dictionary

  • carob — noun Etymology: Middle French carobe, from Medieval Latin carrubium, from Arabic kharrūba Date: 1548 1. a Mediterranean evergreen leguminous tree (Ceratonia siliqua) with racemose red flowers 2. a pod of the carob tree or its sweet pulp having a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • carob — [ karəb] noun 1》 the edible brownish purple pod of an Arabian tree, from which a powder is extracted for use as a substitute for chocolate. 2》 the tree which yields carob pods. [Ceratonia siliqua.] Origin ME from OFr. carobe, from med. L.… …   English new terms dictionary

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