carnelian

/kahr neel"yeuhn/, n.
a red or reddish variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry.
Also, cornelian.
[1685-95; var. (with a of CARNATION) of cornelian, ME cornel(ine) ( < MF, prob. equiv. to OF cornele cornel cherry + -ine -INE1) + -IAN]

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Translucent, semiprecious variety of the silica mineral chalcedony that owes its red to reddish brown colour to the incorporation of small amounts of iron oxide.

A closely related variety of chalcedony, sard, differs only in the shade of red. Carnelian was highly valued and used in rings and signets by the Greeks and Romans, some of whose intaglios have retained their high polish better than those made from harder stones. Carnelian is mined principally in India, Brazil, and Australia. Its physical properties are those of quartz.

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also called  cornelian 

      a translucent, semiprecious variety of the silica mineral chalcedony that owes its red to reddish brown colour to colloidally dispersed hematite (iron oxide). It is a close relative of sard, differing only in the shade of red. Carnelian was highly valued and used in rings and signets by the Greeks and Romans, some of whose intaglios have retained their high polish better than many harder stones. Carnelian's colour is enhanced by baking and dyeing with iron salts. Chief localities are Ratnapura, India; Campo de Maia, Brazil; and Warwick, Queensland, Australia. Its physical properties are those of quartz. See silica mineral (table).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carnelian — Car*nel ian, n. [For carnelian; influenced by L. carneus fleshy, of flesh, because of its flesh red color. See {Cornellan}.] (Min.) A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carnelian — ist eine rote Rebsorte . Es handelt sich um eine Neuzüchtung zwischen (Carignan x Cabernet Sauvignon) und Grenache. Die Kreuzung erfolgte im Jahre 1949 durch Harold Olmo an der University of California in Davis. Die Markteinführung der Rebsorte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carnelian — (n.) red variety of chalcedony, variant of CORNELIAN (Cf. cornelian), altered by influence of M.L. carneolus because of its flesh color …   Etymology dictionary

  • carnelian — (also cornelian) ► NOUN ▪ a dull red or pink semi precious variety of chalcedony. ORIGIN Old French corneline, the prefix car being suggested by Latin caro flesh …   English terms dictionary

  • carnelian — [kär nēl′yən] n. [altered, after L caro, flesh (because of its color) < CORNELIAN] a red variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry …   English World dictionary

  • Carnelian — For other uses, see Carnelian (disambiguation). Cornelian redirects here. For other uses, see Cornelian (disambiguation). Sard redirects here. For other uses, see Sard (disambiguation). Carnelian / Sard Polishe …   Wikipedia

  • carnelian — Chalcedony Chal*ced o*ny (k[a^]l*s[e^]d [ o]*n[y^] or k[a^]l s[ e]*d[ o]*n[y^]; 277), n.; pl. {Chalcedonies} ( n[i^]z). [ L. chalcedonius, fr. Gr. CHalkhdw n Chalcedon, a town in Asia Minor, opposite to Byzantium: cf. calc[ e]doine, OE.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carnelian — noun Etymology: alteration of cornelian, from Middle English corneline, from Anglo French, perhaps from Old French cornele cornel cherry Date: 1695 a hard red chalcedony used in jewelry …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • carnelian — noun A hard, reddish brown chalcedony; used in jewelery, Syn: cornelian …   Wiktionary

  • carnelian — The sixth precious stone in the foundation of the wall of the New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:20, NRSV, REB); a red stone, a ruby (NJB) rather than sardius (AV) …   Dictionary of the Bible

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