capuchin

/kap"yoo chin, -shin/, n.
1. a Central and South American monkey, Cebus capucinus, having a prehensile tail and hair on the head resembling a cowl.
2. any monkey of the genus Cebus.
3. a hooded cloak for women.
4. (cap.) Also called Friar Minor Capuchin. Rom. Cath. Ch. a friar belonging to the branch of the Franciscan order that observes vows of poverty and austerity. Cf. Friar Minor, Friar Minor Conventual. Also called ringtail monkey (for defs. 1, 2).
[1590-1600; < MF < It cappuccino, equiv. to cappucc(io) CAPUCHE + -ino -INE1]

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Member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, an autonomous branch of the Franciscans.

It began in 1525 as a reform movement led by Matteo da Bascio (с 1495–1552), who wanted the Franciscans to return to strict observance of the Rule of St. Francis. He and his followers wore robes with pointed hoods (Italian, cappuccino), went barefoot, and lived in extreme poverty. Other Franciscans harassed them, and the pope forbade them to extend their membership outside Italy. The new order was nearly ruined by the defection of their vicar-general, Bernardino Ochino, to Protestantism in 1542, but it later grew quickly, reaching a membership of 17,000 by 1571. It was active in the Counter-Reformation in keeping the common people loyal to Catholicism. An independent order since 1619, they are known for their missionary and social work.

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▪ Franciscan order
member of  Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (O.F.M.Cap.) 

      an autonomous branch of the Franciscan order of religious men, begun as a reform movement in 1525 by Matteo da Bascio, who wanted to return to a literal observance of the rule of St. Francis of Assisi (Francis of Assisi, Saint) and to introduce elements of the solitary life of hermits. Matteo was concerned that the habit, or religious uniform, worn by the Franciscans was not one that St. Francis had worn; accordingly he made himself a pointed hood (Italian capuccino, from which the order takes its name), allowed his beard to grow, and went about barefooted. Matteo was soon joined by others. Their life was one of extreme austerity, simplicity, and poverty; and, though this has been to some extent mitigated, the order remains very strict. The Capuchins had a rough passage through the 16th century. They were harassed by the established groups of Franciscans and forbidden by the pope to extend outside of Italy. The defection to Protestantism of their vicar-general, Bernardino Ochino, in 1542 all but ruined them. Nevertheless, they increased rapidly and by 1571 numbered 17,000 members. They played almost as important a part as that of the Jesuits in the later stages of the Counter-Reformation, appealing especially to the common and country people. They were allowed to expand freely from 1574 and, in 1619, were constituted into an independent order. They reached a maximum of 34,000 members in the middle of the 18th century but suffered a decline during the French Revolution. The Capuchins were noted for their heroic ministry during the dreadful epidemics that plagued Europe and elsewhere from the 16th to the 18th century. They have been actively engaged in missionary and social work.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Capuchin — Cap u*chin , n. [F. capucin a monk who wears a cowl, fr. It. cappuccio hood. See {Capoch}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Eccl.) A Franciscan monk of the austere branch established in 1526 by Matteo di Baschi, distinguished by wearing the long pointed cowl… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capuchin — can refer to: *Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, an order of Roman Catholic friars. *Capuchin monkey, primates of the genus Cebus considered among the most intelligent of the New World monkeys (those native to the Americas), named after the friars …   Wikipedia

  • Capuchin — 1520s, from M.Fr. capuchin (16c., Mod.Fr. capucin), from It. capuccino, from capuccio hood, augmentative of cappa (see CAP (Cf. cap)). Friar of the Order of St. Francis, under the rule of 1528, so called from the pointed hoods on their cloaks. As …   Etymology dictionary

  • Capuchin — A hood worn by ladies in 1752, resembling that of a Capuchin friar, whence its name. It was succeeded by the Caleshe in 1765. Men also wore a hood with a neck piece and mantle …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Capuchin — ► NOUN 1) a friar belonging to a strict branch of the Franciscan order. 2) a cloak and hood formerly worn by women. 3) (capuchin) a South American monkey with a cowl like cap of hair on the head. ORIGIN from Italian cappuccino small hood , from… …   English terms dictionary

  • Capuchin — [kap′yo͞o shin΄, kap′yo͞ochin΄; kə pyo͞o′shin, kə pyo͞o′chin] n. [Fr, monk who wears a cowl < It cappuchino, dim. of CAPUCHE] 1. a member of a branch (Friars Minor Capuchin) of the Franciscan order that adheres strictly to the original rule 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Capuchin — [ kapʊtʃɪn] noun 1》 a friar belonging to a strict branch of the Franciscan order. 2》 a cloak and hood formerly worn by women. 3》 (capuchin) a South American monkey with a cowl like cap of hair on the head. [Genus Cebus: four species.] 4》… …   English new terms dictionary

  • capuchin — noun Etymology: Middle French, from Old Italian cappuccino, from cappuccio; from his cowl Date: 1589 1. capitalized a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin forming since 1529 an austere branch of the first order of St. Francis of Assisi… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • capuchin — noun A capuchin monkey …   Wiktionary

  • capuchin — n. 1 a Franciscan friar of the new rule of 1529. 2 a cloak and hood formerly worn by women. 3 (capuchin) a any monkey of the genus Cebus of S. America, with cowl like head hair. b a variety of pigeon with head and neck feathers resembling a cowl …   Useful english dictionary

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